The Vital Paths of the Plastic Brain (Carr, 2011) :bulb: (Philosophies of…
The Vital Paths of the Plastic Brain
(Carr, 2011) :bulb:
Animals Contributing to Brain Research :monkey:
Merzenich's monkey (1960s)
nerve system damage reorganization
Kandel's Aplysia (1970s) :bug:
Philosophies of the Mind (nature versus nurture) :fallen_leaf:
Empiricism (Locke and "tabula rasa)
Rationalism (Kant and mental templates)
Joseph LeDoux: nature and nurture "actually speak the same language. They both ultimately achieve their mental and behavioral effects by shaping the synaptic organization of the brain (p. 29). :+1::skin-tone-3:
Brain Reorganization in Humans :unlock:
Teenage boy, who lost his arm in a car crash. Felt "phantom limb" when face was touched. :car:
Michael Bernstein: suffered severe stroke at 54. Learned to use left side of body again.
We, as humans, can reorganize what our brain thinks it knows.
Specialized Areas of the Brain :thinking_face:
Sensory cortex of violinists
Posterior hippocampuses of taxi drivers :taxi:
Imagining playing keyboard versus playing :musical_keyboard:
Does this work for exercise?
"Old" Beliefs about The Brain :timer_clock:
Aristotle: the function of the brain is to keep the body from overheating
The brain is what keeps us from doing the crazy things our heart tells us to. :hearts:
Descartes: regulates the flow of "animal spirits" throughout the rest of the body.
the structure of the adult brain is fixed, unchanging