Why did the industrial revolutions start in Britain? (Agriculture…
Why did the industrial revolutions start in Britain?
This population growth is due as well to the improvement in the medical field thanks to the industrial revolution and an improved diet, matter of fact death rates lowered and more people were born
Most of the population lived in the countryside, with the industrial revolution and paid wages many people decided to live in the city and work in factories: this change resulted in the population to double.
Urbanisation is another factor that lead to an exponential increase in population: matter of fact with the expansion of cities there was more place for new borns and in the matter of years London's population doubled
Kids used to work.
Cencus: list of the entire population.
Cencus is the procedure of recording information about the members of a population.
See how much population grows
Genealogy: family tree
Interesting for local and social history
Study how society was like
During and after the Industrial Revolution, three main types of transportation started being used more, if not being downright invented:
Railroads (being used by trains, which were invented around this time period)
Roads (in which cars, also a new invention, were meant to be stayed on to make sure they couldn't go everywhere and cause mayhem).
And waterways (made to give steamboats, invented around the 1830s, clear paths to follow in order to bring resources to other places)
Choo Choo haha it's a train
First railway was built in Britain.
Before steam engine horses pulled boats in canals.
Entrepreneurs and Inventors
During the industrial revolution many key Entrepreneurs helped develop the economy
During the 18th century, British entrepreneurs sought an efficient system of transportation. Recognizing the need to move goods and resources, new networks of canals and roads were built beginning in 1760. However, railroads quickly surpassed other modes of transportation.
Radiowaves transmition - Marconi
Tin and Can food.
George Stephenson was an engineer that projected the first inter-city railway line (Liverpool - Manchester) to be used in with the first steam engine trains. his work and his type of rail way is still used around the world as today.
Led to an increased food production, that led to population growth.
In 1750 England's population stood at about 5.7 million.
In 1850 England's population reached 16.6 million and agricultural output expanded with it.
Scientific advances and technology brought:
growth in agricultural
growth in industrial production
changes in living conditions
Rural areas changed due to advances in agriculture and industry - landscapes became more urban.
Land reclamation increased intensity. In Eastern England the draining of the fenlands increased land reclamation. This is after the 17th century, when a low-intensity agricultural system based on fishing and fowling was replaced by a high-intensity system based on arable crops.
Other examples include:
clearing of woodland
reclamation of upland pastures
Known as "The Agricultural Revolution"
This revolution happened approximately in the century after 1750
Machinery changed agriculture.
Because Britain quickened the process of transportation and made it more affordable, the transportation of raw materials and finished products resulted cheaper and quicker.
Adam Smith (one of the first economists) believed that because of these actions that Britain took, it made it a key success for the UK.
Britain controlled an "Empire" overseas; it provided raw materials for British mills and captive markets for its finished goods.
With the colonies Britain had access to raw material.
Various deposits and sources of coal and iron were discovered to exist in Britain around this time: these were two of the guiding materials in the Industrial Revolution.
Coal could be used as a fuel source to power vehicles and machines, and iron could be used to create them. These machines could in turn create other goods and products for people, and if they were fast and efficient at it, they could be sold at a lower price, meaning anyone could buy them.
Huge deposits of coal that could be used to power the machines.
There were many navigable rivers near the coal deposits.
Political and Social Factors
More regulated economy than others
The laissez-faire system helped to promote innovations and lead therefore to the Industrialization of Britain.
It was free from domestic conflict for many years now.
British landlords had been able to to push their peasants off their land.
Peasants, because they were pushed off their lands, lead them to search for work in these new industries.