Understanding Groups and Managing Work Teams (The major concepts of group…
Understanding Groups and Managing Work Teams
Whether work is better done individually or by a group?
Can the work be done better by more than one person?
Whether teams or individuals are better suited for doing work is to look at the interdependence of the individuals?
Does the work create a common purpose or set of goals for the people in the group that's more than the sum of individual goals?
Team processes factors
Team structure factors
Team composition factors
Increased attention on understanding others' ideas,perspectives
Greater diversity of ideas
Disliking team members
Stress and tension
Mistrusting team members
Groups turn into effective teams
Making a team effective
Team effectiveness model
Performance evaluation and reward systems
Climate of trust
Leadership and structure
Size of teams
Abilities of members
A type of work team that uses technology to link physically dispersed members in order to achieve a common goal
A work team composed of individuals from various specialties
A team from the same department or functional area that's involved in efforts to improve work activities or to solve specific problems
Self-managed work team
A type of work team that operates without a manager and is responsible for a complete work process or segment
Groups versus Teams
The major concepts of group behavior
The degree to which members are attracted to one another and share the group's goals
Complete tasks faster
Get job done
Figure out what to do
Drawbacks of large groups
Gain diverse input
A prestige grading,position,or rank within a group and an important factor in understanding behavior
Adjusting one's behavior to align with a group's norms
Acceptable standards shared by a group's members
Effort and performance
Behavior patterns expected of someone who occupies a given position in a social unit
Formal groups are work groups that are defined by the organization's structure and have designated work assignments and specific tasks directed at accomplishing organizational goals.
Example of formal work groups
The stages of group development
The final stage of group development for temporary groups,during which groups prepare to disband
The fourth stage of group development,when the group is fully functional and works on the group task
The first stage of group development in which people join the group and then define the group's purpose,structure,and leadership
The third stage of group development,which is characterize by close relationships and cohesiveness
The second stage of group development,which is characterized by intragroup conflict
Under some conditions,high levels of conflict are conducive to high levels of group performance.
Don't assume all groups precisely follow this process or that performing is always the most preferable stage.
Groups don't always proceed sequentially from one stage to the next.
Two or more interacting and interdependent individuals who come together to achieve specific goals