Therapeutic Approaches (Terapeutiske skoledannelser) (Psychodynamic…
Therapeutic Approaches (Terapeutiske skoledannelser)
Freud's dynamic theory of personality
drives and motives are in influencing each other (samspil)
ID, EGO, SUPEREGO
preconscious + conscious
subconscious + preconscious (only a little conscious)
personality is developed through theses phases
the mouth - sucking, swallowing etc.
The anus - withholding or expelling faecses
overly tidy people fixated here
littel or no sexual drive present
ID, EGO and SUPEREGO are well balanced
libido (mental energy) is used to solve the tasks/conflicts pertaining to each stage. As the troops advance, they are met by opposition or conflict. If they are highly successful in winning the battle (resolving the conflict), then most of the troops (libido) will be able to move on to the next battle (stage). But the greater the difficulty encountered at any particular point, the greater the need for troops to remain behind to fight and thus the fewer that will be able to go on to the next confrontation.
fixating on a stage - Fixation refers to the theoretical notion that a portion of the individual's libido has been permanently 'invested' in a particular stage of his development. It is assumed that some libido is permanently invested in each psychosexual stage and thus each person will behave in some ways that are characteristic of infancy, or early childhood.
frustration - needs in the stage have not been met
overindulgnece - Or possibly the person's needs may have been so well satisfied that he/she is reluctant to leave the psychological benefits of a particular stage in which there is overindulgence.
used to protect self from unpleasant thoughts and emotions, such as the anxiety that can be caused by having to balance ID vs. EGO and SUPEREGO (= balancing between control and drives (often of aggressive or sexual of nature?)
unconscious drives motivate behavior
learning to balance between ID's needs (drives) and demands of the outside world and what is deemed ok/normal- finding ways to express drives in a socially acceptable way
other psychodynamic therapies