Statutory Interpretation (aids to Interpretation) (Rules of language (The…
Statutory Interpretation (aids to Interpretation)
Rules of language
The Ejusdem Generis Rule
Meaning of words can be gathered from the surrounding words (i.e. context)
'cat, litter and collar'
would clearly be interpreted to mean '
Muir v Keay
Act referred to
'public refreshment, resource and entertainment'
Court said 'entertainment' meant accommodating and receiving people'
IR v Frere
Expressio unius exlusion alterius
Where there is a list of words that are not followed by general words, the Act only applies to the specific words noted.
Butterflies, moths and beatles
would not cover a fly
R v Sedgley Inhabitants
Made reference to to 'land, houses and coal mines'
Did Act apply to mines other than coal
Noscitur a sociis
General words are defined by reference to the particular ones contained in the section of the Act
e.g. A list which states
cats, dogs, hamsters and other animals
would only apply to
and therefore not cows and sheep
Powell v Kempton Racecourse
'Other place' in the phrase 'house, office, room or other place'
Issue was whether the Act applied to Tattersall's Ring
Hobbs v CG Robertson
Provide goggles when 'breaking, cutting, dressing, or carving of stone, concrete slag or similar material'
Workman injured eye when brickwork splintered.