Growth of discipline of political sciences (4. Growth of political science…
Growth of discipline of political sciences
1. Growth of political sciences
Systematic study of political sciences started with the Greeks in the 4th century BC. Greeks separated politics from ethics and made it an independent subject
2. Growth of political sciences in ancient period
The ancient Greek view about political science was mainly ethical. Greeks separated politics from ethics and considered it as moral values subjects.
Aristotle called politics as "Master Science"
In contrast, ancient Romans considered the legal aspect of politics more important for their governance
3. Growth of political science in middle period
During the middle ages, political science became a branch of religious order of the church. Political authority was subordinated to the authority of the church
4. Growth of political science in modern period
In modern age, both the size and functions of the state had changed.
As the state grew in size and became more complex, political science acquired a realistic and secular approach
After the industrial revolution, the role of the state had been limited to maintenance of
law and order
and providing defence against external aggression
By the time, it was called
5. Growth of Scientific approach in Study of political science
After the Second world war, the behavioural approach offered a new dimension of political science.
The behavioural movement in American Political Science in 1950s & 60s places a lot of emphasis on the science, part of politics.
As a result, the study of political science on legal and philosophical approach is replaced with more realistic and scientific approach.
Behaviourism and concept of power changed the study of nature of Political Science.
5. Marxist view
In the middle of 19th century, Marxist viewed politics as a study of irreconcilable conflicts between two classes, 'haves' and 'have not's'. (exploiters and exploited)
The emancipation of the have not's will only come through a revolution, which would put an end to the institution of private property, thus changing the class society to classless society.
Marxist view of politics, is the liberal view of politics