Scope of Political Science (5. Liberty and its safeguard (Safeguards of…
Scope of Political Science
What is Political Science?
The subject which studies about State and Government is called Political Science
1. Role of the State - Functions of Government
The term 'State' was first used by Machiavelli (in 16th century)
The State consists of four elements:
The role and nature of the 'State' have been interpreted differently:
In 16th century, modern western liberal thinking arose with the
in Western Europe and became prominent in the
in the 18th century. These revolutions are brought into a new focus on new economy system, which is called
In 17th century, John Lockie, the British famous political philosopher, said,
State is then, to protect individuals' natural rights, right to life, liberty and property
In 19th century, Marxist viewed that the state has been a tool in the hands of 'haves' for exploiting and dominating the 'have-not's'.
In Gandhian view, the State would justify its existence by acting
"trustee of the people"
. It should help the poorest and the weakest one
During 1930s, welfare state - tries to promote the well being of its citizen especially the poor, the needy, the unemployed, and the aged.
3. Citizens and Government
Govt. has three organs.
4. Rights and Duties of Citizens
2. State - Power
5. Liberty and its safeguard
Safeguards of liberty:
Rule of law