1.12 Job Hazard Analysis (process flow (Review, Update & Re-Approve of…
1.12 Job Hazard Analysis
technique that focuses on job tasks as a way to identify hazards (i.e. sequence of activities) so that precautions and control /recovery measures can be implemented hence eliminate or minimize the hazards to an acceptable risk level to prevent injury, Illness, property damage, negative impact to environment and/ or reputation.
performed /initiated for the work that requires a Permit to Work (PTW) and have the potential injury to personnel or damage to property or negative impact to environment.
routine tasks that have the potential for serious incidents/ accident.
routine tasks having history of incidents, including near misses.
routine tasks being carried out in unusual circumstances.
routine tasks with change in procedure or standards
new task or tasks introducing new work methods/procedure
non-routine or once-off tasks.
new task or tasks without procedure /work instructions
JHA preparation team should comprise the following:
- JHA leader
- JHA preparer /scriber
- Front line supervisors responsible (owner and/or contractor) for the work
- Area owner or representative of the work or project being carried out
- Representatives (Owners and/or Contractor) from relevant discipline (e.g. operations, mechanical, instrument, electrical, civil etc.) affected by the activities or individual work steps or tasks
- HSE “personnel” ( Owner and/or contractor’s personnel responsible for HSE)
- Expert or Specialist (for high risk and highly specialized jobs e.g. diving, online leak sealing, hot tapping etc.)
- OPUs shall prepare lists of all the routine tasks and non-routine tasks that requires JHA and shall be updated as and when necessary.
- OPUs shall performed risk assessment for the described task based on the risk assessment matrix and identify the risk category as low, medium, high or very high
- JHA Team to follow JHA process flow
Plant / Facility Manager
- Implement the JHA System in his respective plant or facility.
- Ensure that all personnel who involved in preparing JHA and execution supervisors and team leaders are trained and competent.
- Nominate and appoint authorized personnel for JHA team.
- Monitor and ensure the JHA is reviewed and approved.
Individual Member of JHA Team
- Ensure all their authorized personnel understand the OPU‟s / Facility’s JHA system and are trained and competent.
- Assure the performance of their employees with regards to effective implementation of JHA system with clear roles and responsibilities.
- Actively participate during JHA preparation and discussion.
- Prior to JHA approval, review team shall make necessary corrections and provide all the relevant inputs in the prepared JHA to ensure all the risks or hazards associated with the job have been identified, assessed and all the precautionary steps including assigning responsibility to a specific person(s) for carrying out each action.
- Conduct quality check on the JHA and before approving the JHA which includes the following:
:pen: Correct methodology in preparing the JHA.
:pen: All the competent parties (as listed in the JHA team 4.9) have sat through and collectively reviewed the JHA.
:pen: All hazards or risks associated with the job have been identified clearlyand assessed accordingly.
:pen: All precautionary steps or procedure to eliminate or minimize the hazards or risks associated with job to 'As Low As Reasonably Practicable' (ALARP) have been planned accordingly.
- Remind the site supervisor /work leader to brief JHA to all the members of working team and verify e.g. through HSE Tier 1 audit.
- Responsible for the overall implementation of safe management of work activities for which he approves the JHA.
- Stop work and suspend the JHA and request for a fresh review in case of change in working conditions or work activities.
Review, Update & Re-Approve of JHA
JHA of ongoing job/tasks shall be reviewed immediately by a JHA review team when there is/are;
- changes in the surrounding, weather or environmental conditions.
- change to work procedure (e.g. addition, deletion or changes to work steps, process, material, specifications or tools and equipment ).
- incident occurs including near miss and lesson learnt from the industry.
- unforeseen hazards observed /identified during the execution of jobs and require additional precautions or control measures.