FIGURES OF SPEECH
FIGURES OF SPEECH
An artful deviation from the ordinary or principal signification of a word.
Wordplay and puns
Reference to One Thing as Another
: a literary device in which a part of something represents the whole or it may use a whole to represent a part.
a figure of speech that replaces the name of a thing with the name of something else with which it is closely associated.
Semantic Inversions-these invert or play with the normal meanings of words
SCHEME An artful deviation from the ordinary arrangement of words.
Change in Word Order
: Insertion of a verbal unit that interrupts normal syntactical flow.
Addition of an adjacent, coordinate, explanatory or descriptive element
: Omission of a word or short phrase easily understood in context.
: refers to the omission of a conjunction such as “and” or “as” from a series of related clauses
Structures of Balance
): Similarity of structure in a pair or series of related words, phrases, or clauses.
: Juxtaposition of contrasting words or ideas (often, although not always, in parallel structure).
: a figure of speech in which two or more elements of a sentence (or series of sentences) have the same grammatical structure
Epistrophe: repetition of a word or group of words at the end of a clause
: a word or group of words is repeated at the beginning of two or more successive clauses or sentences
: the repetition of words or phrases at both the beginning and end of successive clauses or verses: a combination of anaphora and epiphora (or epistrophe).
Repetition of Sounds
: Repetition of initial or medial consonants in two or more adjacent words
: Repetition of similar vowel sounds, preceded and followed by different consonants, in the stressed syllables of adjacent words.
Consonance: Consonance refers to repetition of sounds in quick succession produced by consonants within a sentence or phrase.
: the figure of speech in which two or more clauses are presented to the reader or hearer, then presented again in reverse order, in order to make a larger point.
Repetition of Phrases or Clauses
Repetition of Ideas