FIGURES OF SPEECH (TROPE An artful deviation from the ordinary or…
FIGURES OF SPEECH
An artful deviation from the ordinary or principal signification of a word.
Wordplay and puns
Reference to One Thing as Another
: a literary device in which a part of something represents the whole or it may use a whole to represent a part.
a figure of speech that replaces the name of a thing with the name of something else with which it is closely associated.
Semantic Inversions-these invert or play with the normal meanings of words
:A rhetorical question is a question that is asked not to get an answer, but instead to emphasize a point. The word “rhetorical” signifies that the question is meant as a figure of speech. Though no answer is necessary for rhetorical questions, they are often used to elicit thought and understanding on the part of the listener or reader.
"A figure of reasoning in which one asks and then immediately answers one's own questions (or raises and then settles imaginary objections). Reasoning aloud" (Silva Rhetoricae). [Also called Anthypophora]
SCHEME An artful deviation from the ordinary arrangement of words.
Change in Word Order
: Insertion of a verbal unit that interrupts normal syntactical flow.
Addition of an adjacent, coordinate, explanatory or descriptive element
: Omission of a word or short phrase easily understood in context.
: refers to the omission of a conjunction such as “and” or “as” from a series of related clauses
Structures of Balance
: Similarity of structure in a pair or series of related words, phrases, or clauses.
: Juxtaposition of contrasting words or ideas (often, although not always, in parallel structure).
: a figure of speech in which two or more elements of a sentence (or series of sentences) have the same grammatical structure
Epistrophe: repetition of a word or group of words at the end of a clause
: a word or group of words is repeated at the beginning of two or more successive clauses or sentences
: the repetition of words or phrases at both the beginning and end of successive clauses or verses: a combination of anaphora and epiphora (or epistrophe).
: "a rhetorical device in which two opposite ideas are put together in a sentence to achieve a contrasting effect."
Repetition of Sounds
: Repetition of initial or medial consonants in two or more adjacent words.
describes it and its effects.
: Repetition of similar vowel sounds, preceded and followed by different consonants, in the stressed syllables of adjacent words.
Consonance: Consonance refers to repetition of sounds in quick succession produced by consonants within a sentence or phrase.
: Repetition of words, in successive clauses, in reverse grammatical order.
: the figure of speech in which two or more clauses are presented to the reader or hearer, then presented again in reverse order, in order to make a larger point.
Repetition of Phrases or Clauses
Repetition of Ideas