Diversity/Human Rights Continued
Diversity/Human Rights Continued
Equality Act 2010 - Legally protects people from discrimination in the workplace and in wider society.
Prejudice - Any preconceived opinion or feeling, either favourable or unfavourable
Discrimination - The unjust or predjudical treatment of different categories of people
Direct - treating somebody less favourably for certain reasons
Indirect - practice, policy or rule applied to everyone but puts certain people at disadvantage
Positive - favouring individuals belonging to groups which suffer discrination
Three aims of the Equality Act 2010
Removing or minimising the disadvantages suffered by people due to their protected characteristics
Taking steps to meet the needs of people from protected groups where these are different from the needs of other people
Encouraging people from protected groups to participate in public life or in other activities where their participation is disproportionately low
1967 - Norwell Roberts - became the first black Police officer in modern Britain.
First ethnic police officer in E + W in 1966 (Mohamed Yusuf Daar)
1968 - Sislin fay Allen became Britians first black Policewomen in the Met
Kapal Kaur Sandhu joined Londons met police 1 February 1971, she came to the Uk 1962 where she got a job as a nurse.her life came to a brutal end in 1973 when she was murdered by her husband. He objected to her career claiming it was neither Asian nor Lady like.
Black and Minority Ethnic Officers in forces 2017 - 7,572
The Police are the public and the public are the Police, the police being only members of the public who are paid to give full attention to duties which are incumbent on every citizen in the interests of community welfare and existence
Police officers remain a member of the public authority whilst on and off duty but only acts done in the course of employment will be classed as a public authority.
PCSO has no designated powers off duty, only acts done in the course of their employment will be classed as acts of public authorities
All staff employed by the police services are a public authority and are bound to comply with the convention
Education Authorities, schools, courts, tribunals
Police, Fire,Ambulance, Health services
Article 14 - Protection of discrimanation
Article 9 - Freedom of thought, belief and religion
Quasi public authorities - Rail operating companies, Security companies, escort services, Government contractors,
10 years on - 2009 - employment, training, retention and promotion - progress been slow. Stop and search 0 continued to be disproportionate impact on black community. National DNA database - black men four times more likely than white men to have their details stored.
- States cannot derogate from them,
- state can vary in emergencies such as detention times in terrorist cases,
- state can intervene provided certain principles apply
Diversity - refers to the differences which exist between groups of people and individuals according to their race, religion, or belief sexual orientation, gender reassignment, marriage, and civil partnership etc. Valueing diversity is about recognising the differences between people and utilising those differences more effectively.
Equality and Policing (PSED) - Requires public bodies to have due regard to - the need to eliminate discrimination, advance equality of opportunity, foster good relations between different people when carrying out their activities.
Why is it important that the Police are representative of the public ?
It is not about targets or political correctness, it is about operational need. Policing is unique, we need to be legitimate within the community because of exercise of power. We need officers to understand different backgrounds. "A Police service that has the trust and confidence of all communities and reflects the communities it serves"
Section 149 : The public sector equality duty - a public authority must, in the exercise of its functions have due regard to the need to - eliminate discrimination, harassment, victimisation and any other conduct that is prohibited by or under this act.
Equality and Human rights commission- To bring about a society that understands and respects equality and Human Rights, To improve organisations and individuals compliance, to build confidence and understanding of equality and human rights across the private and voluntary sectors