Who Were Grigory Zinoviev and Lev Kamenev
Who Were Grigory Zinoviev and Lev Kamenev
He avoided personal and abusive language and maintained a good relationship with political opponents.
Born July 18, 1883. Died on August 25, 1936.
Was a member of the Communist party and Soviet Government during the time of the October Revolution.
The February Revolution in 1917 brought Kamenev back to petrograd.
During Lenin's illness, Kamenev was appointed as the acting Council of People's Commissars and Politburo chairman.
Married Trotsky's sister.
He was imprisoned in Finland before returning to Russia to help Stalin
He was arrested and deported from Moscow
He played a prominent role in the campaign against the limited power of Duma.
He wrote a book that explained the split between the Bolsheviks and the Menshiviks this book was called "The Two Parties"
Kamenev specialized in propaganda.
He conducted active revolutionary work in Russia including the preparation of a railroad workers strike.
Lenin often thought that the discussions between him and Kamenev were very useful.
After Lenin returned to Russia in 1917, Kamenev ridiculed his call for a socialist Revolution
He led the Bolshevik Russian Liberal Democratic Party in Russia until Lenin returned from abroad and this made him Lenin's main opponent in matters of strategy.
In 1935 he was arrested and charged with being involved in the assassination of Sergy Kirov
He was found guilty and sentenced to 10 years in prison.
The following year he was accused with forming a terrorist organization to kill Stalin
At his trial he confessed
He was found guilty and executed in Moscow on 25th August, 1936
He was involved in the publication of 'Iskra' which is an underground Marxist paper that was distributed all throughout Russia
He was born into a low class Jewish family.
Joined the Russian Social Democratic Labor party in 1901 and sided with Lenin's Bolshevik faction in 1903.
He specialized in agitating people.
He was voted in for the central committee of the party in 1907 where he first met Stalin
Zinoviev was Lenin’s principal collaborator and in 1917 after the February Revolution had completely overthrown the Monarchy Zinoviev was with Lenin and helped him get back to Russia.
Grigory helped win over the public support for the new regime and by the year 1921, he had become head of the Petrograd party organization, chairman of the Petrograd Soviet, and a full member of the party's Politburo.
After the death of Lenin in 1924 Zinoviev joined forces with Stalin, and Kamenev to keep Trotsky from power
Between 1903 and 1917, the fall of the Russian Empire, he was a leading member of the Bolsheviks and one of Lenins closest friends.
He organized agitation in St. Petersburg during the 1905 Revolution.
He was recognized as a key figure for the Bolsheviks and was involved with the struggle with the Menshiviks for control over the workers
When he went to the London Party Congress in 1907, he was one of six men to be elected in the Bolshevik Central Commitee.
In1907 he was arrested by the Okharna, a Russian police department
While he was in exile, he helped Leon Trotsky with the publication of the Zvezda and the Pravda, two important newspapers in St. Petersburg
He first met with Lenin and Kamenev in 1912
At the outbreak of World War I Lenin, Kamenev, and Zinoviev moved to Switzerland for neutrality
He had so much recognition and respect that he was protected by the Bolsheviks.
He came back to Russia in 1917 and went into hiding with Lenin.
While he was in hiding, Zinoviev published his views on Marxism and worked on two underground newspapers: Proletary and Rabachii Put
Stalin was a ruthless man, even when his son was imprisoned and being tortured by hitlers men he wouldnt give ransom to bring his son back.
Stalin gained power through being promoted to the central committee of the Russian government.
He was born December 18, 1878 and died March 5, 1928.
Under Stalin, the Soviet Union was transformed from a peasant society into an industrial and military superpower.
Stalin ruled by making people fear him.
Stalin used posters and paintings to make it seem like he was a father figure to the whole of Russia and a war genius.
Stalin was very paranoid about losing his power in Russia.
He had a very rough childhood. His dad beat him, and he was always getting in fights as a young kid.
He was very self-conscious about the smallpox that left his face very scarred and the fact that he had permanent damage in his left arm.
Stalin ordered a number of Purges known as "Stalin's Terror"
The Purges were basically when anyone Stalin saw as an enemy to him or Russia he would kill, put in prison, or banish them from Russia
How did Stalin get rid of Lev Kamenev
After the decline of Trotsky, Stalin now felt strong enough to stop sharing power with Kamenev and Zinoviev.
Stalin then attacked Trotsky's beliefs in the need for world revolution.
He argued that the parties main priority should be to defend the Communist system.
Stalin was finally convinced that Kamenev and Zinovien were not going to join forces with Trotsky against him.
Kamenev and Zinoviev were put in an awkward position because they had been strong supporters of Trotsky's theory.
Kamenev realized what Stalin was up to but he didn't join Trotsky until 1926.
Stalin began to support the economic policy of right wing members of the Politburo
Kamenev eventually began attacking Stalin's policies, Stalin now argued that they were disrupting the party and had them expelled from the Central Commitee
What they did to the Soviet Union
Stalin expanded the powers of the secret police and encouraged citizens to spy on one another. In doing these things it had millions of people killed or sent to labor camps.
Stalin was able to remove members from the party that he saw as enemies.
Stalin removed Trotsky from power and he belittled his ideas.
Zinoviev and Kamenev provided the decisive support that enabled Stalin to remain General Secretary of the party after the public airing of Lenin’s Testament warning against him.
Without Zinoviev and Kamenev at this crucial moment, Stalin probably could not have survived politically
How did they help Stalin to gain power.
When Lenin life-threateningly ill in 1922, Kamenev joined Stalin and Zinoviev to form the ruling triumvirate, which politically attacked the commissar for war, Trotsky, eliminating him from contention for power.
Stalin shifted his powerful attack both to Kamenev and Zinoviev in 1925.
Kamenev, Zinoviev, and Stalin.
Kamenev, and Zinoviev helped Stalin at first to gain power but ended up as enemies opposing Stalin's views