(14-3) Factors Affecting Solvation (1) The Solvation Process ("Like…
(14-3) Factors Affecting Solvation
2) Factors That Affect Solvation
All of which increase the
, exposing undissolved particles to the solvent, and thereby increasing solvation for solid solutes.
1) The Solvation Process
solvation in water.
"Like dissolves like"
Bonding of particles.
Intermolecular forces among particles.
Polarity of particles.
the process of surrounding solute particles with solvent particles to form a solution.
Types of Solutes
Do not break down into atoms; rather, they break down into individual, unlinked molecules.
Sugar in Water
Oil in Benzene
Dipole-Dipole Attraction between solute and solvent
Molecular Attraction between solutes
Broken down into ions.
Gypsum (Strong Ion-Ion Attraction)
3) Types of Solutions
one that contains the maximum amount of dissolved solute for a given amount of solvent at a specific temperature and pressure.
one that contains more dissolved solute than a saturated solution at the same temperature.
one that contains less dissolved solute for a given temperature and pressure than a saturated solution.
4) Henry's Law
At a constant temperature, solubility is directly proportional to pressure.