introduction (Child migration) (Child migration is part of a contemporary…
introduction (Child migration)
Everyyear,thousands of children cross borders alone
traffickers or smugglers
Child migration is part of a contemporary phenomenon
Considered a voluntary adult phenomenon
Migration to developed states has more than doubled in the last thirty-five years
children and young people under twenty
No agency considered itself responsible for this group
they were considered appendages and possessions of others—parents, families, lone mothers
2 key factors fir changing
child migrants manifestly requiring some form of state attention
the increasing importance given to children in international law
1989, Convention on the Rights of the Child
Policies and Procedures in Dealing with Unaccompanied Children Seeking Asylum
was among the first of official documents to address this population.
children under eighteen who were “separated from both parents and [were] not being cared for by an adult who by law or custom had responsibility to do so"
“unaccompanied and separated child asylum-seekers
jeunes errants na França
child and adolescent migrants were moving in search of various key elements of a rights-respecting life absent in the home countries—safety, nurture, educational opportunity, economic prospects, and perhaps family life
other exploitative individuals
“child.” In international law, the term spans a huge capability range, from zero to eighteen. It covers infants entirely dependent on adult provision as well as late teens considered independent family members back home
Is family unity synonymous with the best interests of the child?