Definition of citizenship
Citizenship is the status of a person recognized under the custom or law as being a legal member of a sovereign state or part of a nation.
A person may have multiple citizenships and a person who does not have citizenship of any state is said to be stateless.
97% of the world’s population acquire their current citizenship through birth
A right to acquire the nationality of a state by virtue of having been born within its territory
Examples: Germany, Portugal, Luxembourg, Greece.
“Right of blood.”
The right to claim citizenship based on race or nationality, as when a person acquires the nationality of a state because one or both parents have the nationality of the state.
Examples: Canada, China, Germany, India, Japan, Mexico, Poland, South Korea, United Kingdom.
Citizenship as identity
Identity and virtue invest the concept of citizenship with power.
A basic and universal human need to belong to a community.
Social identity requires the processes of integrating oneself with others of like kind and of that consequent collectivity differentiating itself from those of other kinds.
Consciousness of political identity is usually heightened by systems of beliefs, ceremonies and symbols.
History, nationality and fraternity
A citizen’s identity is an awareness of his relationship to his state and to his fellow citizens.
This relationship is not static; and since it changes over time, it cannot be properly comprehended without some understanding of the historical context.
Closely associated mode of identity, is nationality. One must distinguish this term from nationalism as a political ideology and from nationality as a legal status.
Fraternity is an emotional force which binds a group to a common identity and implies a respect for others with whom one collaborates. Fraternity means that the group bound together by the feeling have a common sense of purpose and are engaged in a common activity.
A citizen of the world
Contradictory to nationalism
It recognizes in persons what is especially fundamental about humanity, most worthy of respect and acknowledgment: their aspirations to justice and goodness and their capacities for reasoning in this connection.
The Good Citizen
A good citizen gladly accepts his legal duties and moral obligations
A bad citizen is a selfish individual, a free-rider
A good citizen distinguishes between self and the collectivity.
The feeling of loyalty is closely related to identity and the two are linked through the sense of fraternity
A person who displayed disloyalty towards his country and his fellows would is not a ’good citizen’
Loyalty, responsibility and respect for political and social procedural values