Examines the narrative structure and form of the film (characters, plot development, mise-en-scene). Discusses the effects of techniques (camera angle, cinematography, editing, sound) on the viewer.
How a film represents reality. Discusses cinematic techniques and how they represent the reality the filmmaker wants the audience to experience (insanity, love, panic, etc.).
Considers the film as part of a broader context. The particular time, place in society that influenced this film. Includes sub-criticisms such as Feminist, Marxist, or Dualist.