Constructivism and Social Constructivism (My Thoughts (play as learning…
Constructivism and Social Constructivism
Piaget Theory of Cognitive Development
how do children think and learn
children learn differently from adults
interaction with environment that children learn
experience --> schemas
assimilation and accommodation
assimilation - adapt an existing schema
accomodation - new schema formed
operations - rules about the world
four stages of development
stages fixed, none can be missed
montessori - children creating world and learning through play
complexity of task?, sturctured well enough?
play as learning tool very important
more focus in individual children
child at centre
emotional wellbeing of child focus
scaffolding seems helpful tool - confidence in child's ability
realistic in a class of many children though?
builds confidence in children?
Spiral curriculum very interesting, support at right times?
agree that culture and social environment valuable to studying
reflection - experiental learning?
Vygotsky Learning through Social Activity
social and cultural processes influence learning
child's background influences the way
they construct knowledge
cultural tools - developed in school
learning through problem-solving
speech - social activity
Bruner spiral curriculum
knowledge needs to revisited to be developed
3 modes of learning
culture and home environment
reflection of teacher