Characteristics of having a Mental Disorder (Anxiety Disorder (Specific…
Characteristics of having a Mental Disorder
A continuous and expressive feeling of fear and anxiety which is disabling and may affect daily functioning. A specific phobia is an example of an anxiety disorder.
Specific phobia is the most common type of anxiety disorder.
It is a extreme and irrational fear that produces a psychological response, such as sweating, shaking and heavy breathing.
5 Subtypes of specific phobia including animal, natural envuornment, blood-injection injury, situational. Also, social phobia whihc is invloving a fear of social situations e.g. doctors, talking in public, dogs
Symptoms of specific phobia
Feel symptoms when in presence of it and anticipating it. Most last for at least 6 months before being diagnosed.
Are characterised by dramtic changes or extremes of mood and can range from mild to severe. Individuals may experience feelings of sadness, emptiness and irritability, in other cases mania, euphoria or rage.
Major depressive disorder
According to DSM 5 you must be experiencing at least 5 or more of the following symptoms during the same 2 week period
Depressed mood for most of the day
Loss of interest or pleasure
Significant weight loss/gain
Inability to relax or sit
Fatigue/lack of energy
Excessive feelings or worthlessness or guilt
Loss of concentration or ability to think
Reccurent thoughts of death
Instances of this mainly occur in 18-29 year olds with females more likely
Abnormal thinking and perceptions - losing touch with reality.
Hallucinations (false perceptions which can be visual, auditory, olfactory, tactile or taste) and delusions (false beliefs that significantly hinder a person's ability to function).
Long term mental health condition. Only diagnosed if experience 2 or more positive symptoms for a month. Continuous signs of distubrance must last about 6 moths for intervention..
Symptoms are referred to as postive (addition of new behaviour) and negative (removal of normal functions)
Positive: Hallucinations and delusions, aswell as disordered thinking and speech
Negative: Affective (emotional), poverty of speech and reduced motivation
1/100 people will be diagnosed with schizophrenia in their lifetime