408: Knowledge Translation Midterm Review (Steps of the Research Process,…
408: Knowledge Translation
Why does KT matter?
between 30-40% of patients do not receive care aligned with current scientific knowledge and that 20-25% of care provided is not needed or is potentially dangerous (Grol and Grimshaw, 2003)
Right now, it takes a long time to get research put into practice
KT is the work that gets professionals putting the latest research into practice faster
KT (in terms of clinical settings) seeks to improve the following:
Efficient and timely care
Variation in the provision of care
End of Grant KT:
researcher designs and implements a strategy to disseminate research findings to key research users. Done on completion of research (peer-reviewed published article, conference presentation, press release)
knowledge users involved in the design, implementation and findings of research projects. Encourages co-production processes of both research and policy.
people-centred efforts to bring stakeholders together, build relationships, cement coalitions and alliances, to share ideas and evidence, and to develop new skills and capacities (typically led by a knowledge broker)
deliberative, multi-stakeholder meetings to discuss research agenda and policy concerns
deliberative meetings to discuss a synthesis tool
development of a KT platform
the formal combination of different pieces of research evidence (like in a systematic review) to provide a comprehensive overview of the evidence in response to a particular question AND/OR the creation of communications documents or acts that situate a piece or pieces of research evidence against the broader context
The Hierarchy of Research Importance
components of asking a clinical research question
Patient, pop, or problem
Intervention, prognostic factor, or exposure
Comparison (if appropriate)
Outcome or measure to achieve
Steps of the Research Process
Generate an idea
Conduct comprehensive lit review; go find ALL the existing research
Define and refine your research question - has it already been answered? Does it leave anything unclear in the area you're looking at?
Develop the methodology
Create a research Proposal
Apply for ethical approval and/or funding
conduct the study!!!
analyse the results