THE TRANSATLANTIC SLAVE TRADE AND SLAVERY IN AMERICA (WHAT WAS THE…
THE TRANSATLANTIC SLAVE TRADE AND SLAVERY IN AMERICA
WHAT WAS THE TRANSATLANTIC TRADE?
England first went to Africa to collect the black slaves then brought them over. They had brutal conditions on the passage over and then they either went to South America and/or the West Indies where they did very hard labor and in North America the slaves did hard labor on the plantations in the south, but also they did hard labor in the North too
At the time the need for labor was very high so they turned to slaves
It envolved Europe, Africa, and the Americas from around 1600's to 1800's
the middle passage
Becoming a slave meant pushing yourself through extreme days of hard labor with no payment and bad treatment and conditions
Later some people realized that it would be better to have fewer people which would make better conditions, so more would survive
There was a lot of disease, suicides and sometimes there were even revolts. Revolts sometimes happened on the journey when the slaves tried to take over the boat.
People sometimes tried to take their life by refusing to eat or throwing themselves overboard because they did not want to commit to becoming a slave because they knew that they could never get out of it
The conditions were very bad! The amount of space for each person was very small. In some cases you couldn’t even stand up or even sit up! Also, most of the time you were wearing shackles.
Revolts sometimes happened on the journey where the slaves tried to take over the boat and turn it around
At the time there was a huge demand for labor so they turned to slaves
And more info...
The settlers didn't use the natives as slaves because they were tough and defiant, the natives outnumbered the settlers, and the natives were at home there so they could run away and avoid them if needed
American slavery was the most cruel because it was driven by a frenzy of profit and it was based on racial hatred where the whites were the masters and blacks were slaves.
Slavery by the numbers:
By 1800 somewhere between 10 and 15 million black Africans had been brought over as slaves.
As many or about 50 million blacks were enslaved