THE SIX CLASSICAL PHILOSOPHERS ( (VIRTUE AND HAPPINESS ( Happiness is a…
THE SIX CLASSICAL PHILOSOPHERS
Born circa 428 B.C.E.
Ancient Greek philosopher
Plato was a student of Socrates and a teacher of Aristotle.
"Good people do not need laws to tell them to act responsibly, while bad people will find a way around laws"
THE THEORY OF FORMS
Having to do with vision, sight, and appearance
The function of humans in our world is therefore to imitate the ideal world as much as possible
EDUCATION FOR THE HEALTH OF STATES
To achieve justice, both individual justice and social justice. Knowledge of one's own job, Self-knowledge, and Knowledge of the Idea of the Good.
A true education is concerned with the common good based upon the rational principle of individual and social justice.
: A classical Greek philosopher credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy, and is known as the first moral philosopher, of the western ethical tradition of thought.
Ethics are the norms by which acceptable and unacceptable behavior are measured. According to the beliefs of the ancient Greek philosopher Socrates, one develops ethics through maturity, wisdom and love. He believed virtue was found primarily in human relationships, love and friendship, not through material gains.
DARE TO DISAGREE
FIGHT FOR OUR RIGHTS TO THINK FOR OURSELVES
DO NOT ALWAYS FOLLOW THE OTHERS, ESPECIALLY WHEN YOU KNOW IT'S NOT THE RIGHT PERSON TO FOLLOW
KEEP ON SEEKING FOR A BETTER PURPOSES AND OUTCOMES
"The unexamined life is not worth living"
Is ancient Greek philosopher and scientist born in the city of Stagira, Chalkidice, on the northern periphery of Classical Greece.
"Happiness is the meaning and purpose of life, the whole aim and end of human existence"
VIRTUE AND HAPPINESS
Happiness is a central purpose of human life and a goal in itself.
Work hard to attain what you want, which is your happiness.
CHOOSE THE RIGHT HAPPINESS
Let people seek fulfillment
Humans want to believe in something and to serve it.
Simply be learning about the world, ideas, culture.
Aristotle was the most practical and business-oriented of all philosophers who asked ethical questions. ... But Aristotle remains relevant because he is particularly interested in defining principles in terms of the ethics of leadership.
A German philosopher who is a central figure in modern philosophy. Kant argued that the human mind creates the structure of human experience, that reason is the source of morality.
It is referred to as Kantian deontology because like utilitarianism, deontological theories (theories of duty) have existed for centuries, but the most influential form of deontology is the moral theory put forward by Immanuel Kant in 1788.
"Act only according to that maxim by which you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law"
DUTY BASED ETHICS
An act can be morally bad but may unintentionally lead to a favorable outcome
The act of lying can’t survive in a world where everyone’s just making stuff up all the time. Since no one will be taking anyone else seriously, you may try to sell a false story but no one will be buying.
JOHN STUART MILL
A British philosopher, political economist and civil servant. One of the most influential thinkers in the history of liberalism,
An English philosopher, jurist, and social reformer regarded as the founder of modern utilitarianism.
Everyone's happiness counts the same
Evaluates actions based upon the consequence
It is a choice between two courses of action we are
morally obliged to take the one which yields the most happiness for the most
Like other ancient philosophers, Plato maintains a virtue-based eudaemonistic conception of ethics. That is to say, human well-being (eudaimonia) is the highest aim of moral thought and conduct, and the virtues are the requisite skills and dispositions needed to attain it.