Foundation of the Principles of Business Ethics The Classical…
Foundation of the Principles of Business Ethics
The Classical Philosophies and their Implication on Business
The Gad-fly at the marketplace
Socrates thought to the Entrepeuneurs
The socratic method is a way of thinking that allows individuals to define their own purpose of learning and explored it purpose through open-minded questioning of what they hold to be true.
Dare to Disagree
Socrates insisted on a right to think for ourselves. To often, he warned, humans sleep walk through life, simply going along with the crowd. Does your organization encourage independent thinkers and people who follow there conscience.
Education for the Health of the State
In both the republic and the laws, Plato identifies education as one of the most important aspect of a bealthy state.
The Theory of Forms
Represents Plato's attempts to cultivate our capacity for abstract thought. Philosophy was relatively new in Plato's day, and it completed with methology, tragedy, and epic poetry as the primary means for which peolpe could make sense of their place in the world
All or Nothing
Virtue and Happiness
The word happiness in the ethics is a translation of a greek term "eudaimonia", which carry connotations of success and fullfilment. For aristotle, this happiness is our highest goal.
A question of high importance in any investigation of ethics is how we can teach people to be good. Aristotle is quite clear that he does not think virtue that can be thought in a class room or by means of an argument
Implications to business
Aristotle concludes that the role of the leader is to creat the environment in which all members of an organization can realize their own potential.
Am i behaving in a virtous way?
How would i want to be treated if i were a mamber of this organization?
What form of social contract would allow all our members to develop their full potential in order that they may each make their greatest contribution to the good of the whole?
Duty based ethics
the First Maxim
An action can only be considered as a ethically correct if it can be accepted or made into a universal law
the Second Maxim
A person should be treated as an end and not the means to acheie aan end
The Third Maxim
Everyone shoul, asa a memeber of an ideal kingdom, were he or she is both the ruler and subject at the same tim
Jeremy Bentham & John Stewart
Revolves around the the concept of "the end justifies the means." It beleives that outcomes as a result of an action has a greater value compared to the latter.
"The end justifies the means"
Socrates (469-399 BCE) is ine of the few individuals whom one could say have shaped the cultural and intellectual development of the world that, without him, history would be proufoundly different
"Good people do not need laws to tell them to act responsibly, while bad people will find a way around the laws"
Plato (427-347 BCE) is one of the world's best known and most widely read and studied philosophers. He was the student of socrates and the teacher of aristotle, and he wrote in the middle of the 4th century BCE in ancient Greece.
It deferentiates the abstract world of thought fromthe world of the senses, where art and mythology operate.
The unexamined life is not woth living
Plato thinks that a child's education is the last thing that should be left to chance or parental whim since the young mind is so easily molded.
"Happiness is the meaning and the purpose of life, the whole aim and end of himan existence"
Aristotle (384-322 BCE) is a towering figure in ancient greek philosophy, making contribution to logic, metaphysics, mathematics, physics, biology, botany, ethics, politics, agriculture, medicine, dance, theater
"act only according to that maxim by which you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law"
He is one of the most influential philisophers in the history of western philosophy. His contributions to methaphysics, epistemology, ethics and aesthetics have had a profound impact on almost every philosophical movement that follwed him
Plato apparemtly considered most of his fellow athenians to be hoplessly corupt, easily inflamed by hollow rhetoric and seduce by easy pleasures