The French and Indian War (During (• Battles were being fought in Europe,…
The French and Indian War
In the mid 1700's European nations were competing to create large powerful empires
The Spanish controlled Florida and many of the other islands in the Caribbean. They also had colonies in present day Texas, Arizona, New York, and New Mexico.
French claimed large portions of the interior of North America.
Robert Dinwiddie, lieutenant Governor of Georgia, wanted to build a fort where the Monongahela River and Allegheny River came together to form the Ohio River. Unfortunately, the French already had a fort there.
Washington, who led Dinwiddie's men, didn't give up. He continued on to Fort Duquesne.
Though Washington defeated a small group of French Solders, Washington was outnumbered so he surrendered and returned to Virginia.
• In 1757, William Pitt came to power in England
• The British continued their success
• The French were supported in the Ohio country by the Delaware Indians
• Pitt declared that if the British could win the war in North America then they could focus on victory in other parts of the world
• The French and Indian War was raging all around the world
• Battles were being fought in Europe, North America, and Asia
The fall of Quebec ended the war in the colonies
• Pitt sent large numbers of troops and his best generals to America
• The English also won more support from Native Americans
• The British Iroquois allies convinced the Delaware Indians at Fort Duquesne to abandon the French
• They captured the French forts Niagara, Crown Point, and Ticonderoga and captured the cities Louisburg and Quebec
Braddock was shot in the chest and later died of his wounds
Braddock marched toward Fort Duquesne with his men. (note: his men were terrified of an attack because they heard that Indian were scalping enemies.)
Almost half of Braddock's men were killed or wounded in the attack
British attacks against French forts like Fort Duquesne were failures. Meanwhile the French captured Fort Oswego and Fort William Henry from the British