In the 19th century, understanding of 'ideology influenced by ideas of Karl Marx
Ideology meant the dominant ideas of the 'ruling class'.
Capitalists vs workers
In this view ideology becomes a negative
ideologies are a false consciousness and exist to keep the class system in its place
In the 20th century ideology identified with:
Ideologies are often seen as being in competition with one another - a battle of ideas... again ideology is conceptualized negatively
The way that academics think of ideology rejects any 'good' or bad label
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Four ways of thinking about politics
The classical view is narrow; this view is far wider in its scope
In this view, politics is everything that happens within the public sphere
Public vs non-public means political vs non-political
public and private is viewed as separate
But where does public life begin and where does civil society end?
smoking (2007 UK ban)
Public order act 1986
Compromise and consensus
Politics as the art of government
This is the oldest, most traditional (‘classical’) way of looking at politics
The Classical meaning is generally defined as that which concerns the State (government)
Focus is almost solely on governmental institutions:
And the outcomes of these institutions
If it only concerns those individuals within political institutions, everyone and everything outside these institutions must be non-political
Business, schools, families exist outside of politics. Does this sound right?
The machinery of Goverment