Napoleon Forges an Empire
Napoleon Forges an Empire
Napoleon Seizes Power
When he was 9 his parents sent him away to military school to train.
He finishes school at 16 and became a lieutenant in the artillery.
Napoleon Bonaparte was born in 1769 on the Mediterranean of Corsica.
Hero of the Hour
He had become the hero they needed.
In 1796 he was to lead a French army against the forces of Austria. He won the battle.
In october 1975 he got a chance when the roalist rebels marched on the National Convention, a government officaial told him to defend the delagates and he did
He ended up winning a lot of battles.
He won a key battle against Egypt that they needed. He remained a hero of France.
War: Napoleon led his troops into war many times and won many times
How would you compare Napoleon's actions in October 1795 and November 1799? It seemed like Napoleon grew up and understood the correct decision. Yeah he could have won that war but instead he settled for a peace treaty.
When Napoleon returned from Egypt his friends urged him to seize political power.
He took the title of first consul and assumed the powers of a dictator
coup d'état means "blow to the state"
There was a war in 1799, Britain, Austria, and Russia joined forces to defeat France. They weren't able to and it led to a peace treaty.
What evidence shows that Napoleon cared about his image? He kept his stories of him losing in the newspaper so no body knew he lost.
Leadership: Napoleon took leadership of France when they needed it most
Self Interest: He went into a military school to better himself
Napoleon Creates an Empire
The French Empire
French Empire: huge and unstable; Napoleon was able to maintain it at its greatest extent for 5 years, 1807-1812
The Empire quickly fell to pieces, it was caused by Napoleons actions.
The powerful countries of Russia, Prussia, and Austria, were loosely attached to Napoleon's empire through alliances.
By 1805, how successful had Napoleon been in his efforts to build an empire?
1812- the only areas of Europe free from Napoleons control were Britain, Portugal, Sweden, and the Ottoman Empire.
He was very successful through his manipulation of threats in his military action. He also was very good at having alliances help him out.
1800s: Napoleon's victories had given him mastery over most of Europe.
The Battle of Trafalgar
The destruction of the French fleet had 2 major results. First, it ensured the supremacy of the British navy for the next 100 years. Secondly, it forced Napolean to give up his plans of invading Britian.
British commander, Horatio Nelson, was brilliant in warfare at sea as Napoleon was in warfare on land.
War: Battle of Trafalgar was on the southwest coast of Spain in 1805
Napoleon lost only one major battle, the Battle of Trafalgar. This battle was more important then any war he won on land.
. More Information
After the Battle of Austerlitz in 1805, Napoleon issued a proclamation expressing his pride in his troops.
Austria, Prussia, and Russia signed peace treaties.
In a series of brilliant battles, Napoleon crushed the opposition.
Government: Napoleon had the largest European empire, the only enemy left against this empire was the great naval power, Britain.
The British persuaded Russia, Austria, and Sweden to join them against France.
Napoleon had annexed the Australian Netherlands and parts of Italy to France and set up a puppet government in Switzerland.
Loss Of American Territories
1801- Napoleon takes back colony and restores the sugar industry.
Napoleon offers to sell Louisiana Territory to the United States
War: A civil war erupted and enslaved Africans with leader L'Ouverture seized control.
1803- President Jefferson agreed to purchase $15M.
1789- ideas of the Revolution reached planters in Saint Domingue, demanded same privileges as France.
He first would gain money, then would punish the British.
What effects did Napoleon intend the sale of Louisiana to have on France? on the United States? on Britain?
Napoleon saw 2 benefits including: gaining money through finance operations in Europe. and punishing the British.
Napoleon Rules France
Napoleon didn't want to be a dictator, so he supported both the central government and revolution ideas.
He set up a tax system and a national bank to get the economy back on track.
He dismissed corrupt officials.
He set up public schools, or lycees, to make sure France had well educated people for government people.
What made the admissions policies of the Lycees significant?
It was open to all male students, so no longer did you have to rich to receive an education.
Info about Lycees
Napoleon satisfied both the church and the people.
He did not abandon the church like some people in the revolution wanted to do. But rather recognized their power but kept them out of national affairs.
By doing this, he made the church happy, along with the majority of the French people.
What Napoleon to come to an agreement with the pope?
The vast majority of the people wanted the church back in their lives, so he listened to them.
More information about Napoleon
Napoleonic Code was a set of laws that kept order in France, but actually limited many personal freedoms.
in 1804, Napoleon crowned himself emperor, signifying he is more powerful than the church.
In general, did Napoleon make the French government stronger or weaker?
He almost always made the government stronger. He built up the economy, the army, and the laws.
Leadership: To be responsible for guiding a group of people or nation.
Napoleon brought strong leadership to France, something they had lacked for a long time.