Napoleon Forges an Empire
Napoleon Forges an Empire
Napoleon Rules France
At first, Napoleon pretended to be the constitutionally chosen leader of a free republic. In 1800, a plebiscite or vote of the people, was held to approve a new constitution.
the people voted overwhelmingly in favor of the constitution. This gave all real power to Napoleon as first consul.
Restoring Order at Home
Napoleon did not try to return the nation to the days of Louis XVI. Rather, he kept many of the changes that had come with the Revolution
In general, he supported laws that would both strengthen the central government and achieve some of the goals of the Revolution.
Napoleon set up an efficient method of tax collection and established a national banking system
these actions promoted sound financial management and better control of the economy. Napoleon also took steps to end corruption and inefficiency in government
he dismissed corrupt officials and, in order to provide the government with trained officials, set up lycées, or government-run public schools
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In general, did Napoleon make the French government stronger or weaker?
yes and no he was a good leader but he went back to being a king and having more power
What made the admissions policies of the Lycees significant?
it made sure someone was good at what they did and put them in that possession instead of just because they have land or from and important family
What caused Napoleon to reach an agreement with the Pope?
so it would unite church and state
religion and beliefs
trade in leader ship
Napoleon Seizes Power
Napoleon Bonaparte was born on Corsica. When he was nine his parents sent him off to military school. At just 16 he became a lieutenant in the artillery. When revolution broke out he joined the army of the new government.
Hero of the Hour
In 1795, Napoleon was ordered to defend the delegates against royalist rebels, he and his gunners met thousands with a cannonade, leaving them running within minutes.
For this he was hailed as the savior of the French Republic.
In 1796, Napoleon was appointed to lead the French army against the forces of Austria. He swept into Italy and had several victories
Next, in an attempt to protect French trade interests, Napoleon lead an expedition to Egypt, but was unable to have the same success as Europe. However, he did keep his stories out of the newspapers
What evidence shows that Napoleon cared about his image?
He only allowed the good things that he did into the media he didn't allow his failures
By 1799, the Directory had lost control of the political situation, and the confidence of the French people
When Napoleon arrived back, he was being urged to take political control, he surrounded the legislature and drove out the members
In the Directory's place, they established a group of three consuls, one of whom was Napoleon.
Napoleon soon took the title of the first consul and assumed the powers of a dictator. A sudden seizure of power like this is called a coup.
France was still at war at this time, and Britain, Austria, and Russia joined forces to take down Napoleon.
Eventually as result of war, they signed a peace treaty, and for the first time in 10 years Europe was at peace. Napoleon was now free to restore order in France.
How would you compare Napoleon’s actions in October 1795 and November 1799?
I feel that a lot of his actions were very similar in that he was always good in military.