Ethnic Differences in Achievement (INTERNAL FACTORS (Ethnocentric…
Ethnic Differences in Achievement
: Linguistic and intellectual skills. The language they have been taught is inadequate for school. Restricted code. Swann Report (1985) shows that not being able to speak English is not a huge factor. Mizra and Indian pupils.
ATTITUDES & VALUES
: They do not have the attitudes and values for educational success. Black families socialise their children into a 'live for today attitude'
: Many black families are headed by a lone parent, most likely the mother. Struggle financially due to lack of male breadwinner. Murray: lack of role model and discipline.
: Asians have been socialised into tolerating racism due to higher self esteem whereas black children (afro-carribean) are more likely to let it affect them
: Asian families mainly Chinese have a positive work ethic and high expectations. They are socialised to respect their elders and therefore fit into a school environment well.
: Lack of 'tough love' black boys are likely to turn to street gangs in order to find loyalty and love due to the absence of a fatherly figure. They also turn to role models from the rap culture which promote anti school values. Lack ambition.
: Ignores positive factors such as black girls have a positive role model which promotes independency and being strong. They do better in school.
Criticises Pryce. Black boys fail because of racism, not self esteem issues.
they are culturally different not deprived. Education pose a dominant white culture. Multi cultural ed is the answer.
: Almost half of ethnic minority children live in low income households. Opposed to 1/4 of white children
2 x likely to be unemployed. 3 x more likely to be homeless, engaged in shift work, impoverished areas, Muslim women cannot work, lack of language skills, racial discrimination
: Found that Pakistanis and Bangladeshis are the poorest fifth of the population
Whilst material factors have an influence on an ethnic minority child's education, the poverty comes from another factor: racism.
Discrimination is a continuing and persistent feature of British citizens of minority ethnic origin
Shows how racial discrimination leads to social exclusion and how it worsens poverty. Esp in housing as discrimination leads to poor housing
WOOD ET AL
: Discrete job discrimination, he used surnames associated with different ethnic groups and only 1 in 16 were offered an interview so more likely to face unemployment and low paid jobs.
Labelling: Racialised Expectations
Marketisation and Segregation
Pupil Subcultures: Fuller, Mac an Ghail, Mizra
RACISM IN SOCIETY