Napoleon Forges an Empire
Napoleon Forges an Empire
Napoleon Rules France
At first Napoleon pretended to be the constitutionally chosen leader of a free republic. In 1800, a plebiscite, or vote of the people, was held approve a new constitution.
The people voted overwhelmingly in favor of constitution, this gave all real power to Napoleon.
Restoring Order At Home
Napoleon did not try to return the nation to the days of Louis XVI, rather he kept many changes and supported the laws that would strengthen government.
His first task was to get the economy on a solid footing. He set up an efficient method of tax collection and established a national banking system. Ensuring the government with a steady supply of tax money, these actions promoted financial management and better control of money.
He also took steps to end corruption and inefficiency in government. He dismissed corrupt officials and, in order to provide the government with trained officials, set up lycées, or government-run public schools. These lycées were open to male students of all backgrounds. Graduates were appointed to public office on the basis of merit rather than family connections.
What made the admissions policies of the Lycées significant?
Napoleon signed a concordat, or agreement, with Pope Pius VII. This established a new relationship between church and state. The government recognized the influence of the Church, but rejected Church control in national affairs. The concordat gained Napoleon the support of the organized Church as well as the majority of the French people.
Napoleon thought that his greatest work was his comprehensive system of laws, known as the Napoleonic Code. This gave the country a uniform set of laws and eliminated many injustices. However, it actually limited liberty and promoted order and authority over individual rights.
In general, did Napoleon make the French government stronger or weaker?
Napoleon Crowned as Emperor
In 1804, Napoleon decided to make himself emperor, and the French voters supported him. On December 2, 1804, Napoleon was crowned emperor.
What caused Napoleon to reach agreement with the pope?
Napoleon signaled that he was more powerful than the church, which had traditionally crowned the rulers of France.
Napoleon Creates an Empire
Napoleon was not ready become master of French. Though he wanted to control the rest of Europe.
Why was Napoleon not ready?
He imagined western empire that includes: Lousiana, Florida, French Guiana and the the French West Indies.
How did he imagine it?
Loss of American Territories
1789 when the ideas of the got the planters in Sant Domingue, they had the National Assembly give the colony give their rights too-for freedom.
Toussaint L'Ouverture seized control
Abandoned imperial ambitions in the New World, Napoleon had turned his attention to Europe. Annexed the Australian Netherlands, some parts of Italy to France and set up a puppet government in Switzerland. The British persuaded Russia, Austria, and Sweden to join again France.
Napoleon met his challenge.
The French Empire
- During first decade of the 1800's, his victories had given him mastery.
How did his victories give him masteries?
Napoleon Seizes Power (Alex)
Napoleon was born on Corsica island in 1769. At 6 years old he went to military school. At 16 years old he finished and became the lieutenant in the artillery. As revolution breaks out, he joins the army.
In 1799, the directory had lost control over the people and government. This gave Napoleon the chance to take over the government by having his men surround the area and force out most of the officials. The Directory Dissolved and in its place stood three new consuls. one of which was Napoleon. This lead to his dictatorship.
How would you compare Napoleon’s actions in October 1795 and November 1799?
I feel like in 1795 he was doing it for the good of the people, but after they labeled him as a hero it slowly went to his head making him think he deserves more power which led to the events of 1799.
in 1799, powers such as Russia, Britain, and Austria joined to try and drive napoleon out of power. Once again Napoleon lead his troops into the fight. eventually all three nations signed a peace agreement with France. In 1802, Europe was peaceful for the first time in 10 years. This allowed Napoleon to focus on working out France's problems.
Hero of the Hour
His first chance for success came in 1795 when royalist rebels marched on the national convention. He was told to defend the delegates. Within minutes Napoleon and his men made the rebels retreat in confusion. For this act Napoleon was seen as a hero.
in 1796, Napoleon was put in charge of an army against Austria & the Kingdom of Sardinia. After crossing the alps He gained many astounding victories. He then led an expedition into Egypt. the battle following became a loss. Napoleon however was able to stop info from getting to the newspapers so he could maintain his image.
Facts on Napoleon
Did he like being forced into military school?