Education can be used to oppress or to uplift (Martin Luther King Jr.'…
Education can be used to oppress or to uplift
Martin Luther King Jr.'s Civil Rights Movement --> Black Lives Matter Movement
“Our lives begin to end the day we become silent about the things that matter.”
If we want change to occur we must demand it. Peaceful demonstrations have historically proved to be the most effective method.
He became involved in the Albany Movement where workers had began encouraging the youth to challenge the segregationist policies in Albany. (call to action for the youth)
King justifies his defying the law by agreeing with St. Augustine in that “an unjust law is no law at all” (88)
“One who breaks an unjust law must do so openly, lovingly, and with a willingness to accept the penalty” (89)
How education can oppress
Thomas C. Holt, "Knoweldge is Power:" The Black Struggle for Literacy
“As late as 1910, the eleven southern states spent an average of $9.45 for each white public schools student and $2.90 for each black child. Six years later, on the eve of America’s entrance into World War I, the average was $10.32 for each white student but only $2.89 for each black”
The education system proposed by White Philanthropists would “ be of a type that wouldn’t change anything fundamental in the southern labor and social systems”
In the early 20th century African American children were placed in "special classrooms", where they were described as mentally deficient, "An elaborate scheme of classification was used, ranging from “feebleminded” and “defective” to “retarded” and “backward”
Sherman Alexie "Superman and Me"
"We were Indian children who were expected to be stupid. Most lived up to those expectations inside the classroom but subverted them on the outside."
Literacy Narrative; learned to read with a Superman comic
"As Indian children, we were expected to fail in the non-Indian world"
How education can uplift
Sherman Alexie "Superman and Me"
“I love those books, but I also knew that love had only one purpose. I was trying to save my life…I visit schools and teach creative writing to Indian kids” (Alexie 8).
He states this to show the value of education and the importance to pass on the knowledge so it could improve other peoples' life and to better Indian's social stature.
Thomas Holt "Knowledge is Power"
“…for black Americans education has also served a profound social purpose; its goal is social, as well as personal, improvement- to uplift the people, to make conditions better.”
Throughout history, African Americans have always had great aspirations for better education because many of their ancestors know what education can lead to for their culture and it is the key to uplift their community.
Trumps budget proposal
Would decrease funding to public schools and allocate more funding towards private schools
Also decrease funding for after school programs, from which many kids benefit from
public schools already lack funding especially inner city schools
DACA - its removal would be an example of education being used to oppress.
allows for students to pay in-state tuition as opposed to paying international fees
with legal status they are able to find employment; otherwise, people with degrees go without a job in their field
ineligible for federal financial aid --> eligible for state aid
Segregation in Schools and Unequal Education
"Black and Latino children are more likely to attend schools with higher concentration of inexperienced teachers...which are then less likely to offer a college prep curriculum..."
Due to the lack of a proper education, these minorities are left in these poverty stricken schools with no chance for higher education or an opportunity for success.
Gabby Lopez: education used to uplift. Growing up in a low-income community and using the books that were given out for free as the door towards new opportunities.
Maira Medrano: For me, reading and learning has always been something I value. I was a very curious kid, so reading allowed me to learn and made me even more curious, reading was a means to uplift as I come from a low-income family.
Gianni Antos: Growing up, I was always surrounded by books whether it was at home or at school. By being in an environment with others who constantly read and promote education, it encouraged me to do the same and it uplifted me to strive for that knowledge and those academic habits.