UNIT TEST (What it does to the body (when the glucose enters your cells,…
What it does to the body
when the glucose enters your cells, the amount of glucose in your bloodstream falls. your pancreas doesn't secrete insulin which causes a buildup of glucose in your blodstream.
usually begins with insulin resistance, a condition in which muscle, liver, and fat cells don't use insulin well. as a result, your body needs more insulin to help glucose enter cells, the pancreas can't make enough insulin, and blood glucose levels rise.
prevention of low blood pressure: take deep breathes, walk for 30 min, limit alcohol, eat dark chocolate, prevent salt, drink green tea, drink lots of fluids, have some caffeine, don't stand up fast.
prevention of high blood pressure: manage stress, eat a healthy diet, don't smoke, being at a healthy weight, limit alcohol, reduce the salt intake, regular exercise, eat calcium, potassium, magnesium.
symptoms of high blood pressure: a severe headache, fatigue or confusion, vision problems, chest pain, difficulty breathing, irregular heartbeat, blood in the urine, pounding in your chest, neck, ears.
low blood pressure is a medical pressure when the amount of pressure that blood exerts against the blood vessels is too low.
leads to reduced blood flow to the heart, brain, and other vital organs.
symptoms of low blood pressure: dizziness or lightheadedness, fainting, lack of concentration, blurred vision, nausea, cold clammy pale skin, rapid shallow breathing, fatigue, depression, thirst.
Systolic indicates how much pressure your blood is exerting against your artery walls when the heart beats. normal 120 or below.
Diastolic indicates how much pressure your blood is exerting against your artery walls when the heart is resting between beats. normal 80 or below.
High blood pressure is a medical condition when the blood exerts more than the acceptable amount of stroke, dementia, kidney damage, eye problems, heart failure.
insulin / glucagon (hormones)
insulin is hormone which plays a number of roles in the body's metabolism. insulin regulates how the body uses and stores glucose and fat. many of the body's cells rely on insulin to take glucose from the blood for energy.
a rare tumor of the pancreas may cause overproduction of insulin, resulting in hypoglycemia, and enlargement of beta cells of the pancreas that produce insulin may result in excessive insulin release, causing hypoglycemia.
Diabetes is a disorder that affects the way your body uses food for energy. the sugar in foods that you eat is digested and broken down to a simple sugar, known as glucose.
insulin a hormone produced by the pancreas helps move the glucose into cells. a healthy pancreas adjusts the amount of insulin based on the level of glucose
Glucose circulates in your blood where it waits to enter cells to be used as fuel.
Cellular respiration (3 parts)
a polysaccharide that is principal storage form of glucose in animal and human cells. The small amount of glycogen is found in the kidneys. Glycogen is important to the glucose cycle.
the most common disease in which glycogen metabolism becomes abnormal is diabetes because of abnormal amounts of insulin, liver glycogen can be abnormally accumulated or deplete.
the glucose from glycogen is readily mobilized and is, therefore, a good source of energy for sudden, strenuous activity. you need glucose to provide fuel to every cell throughout your body. brain cells require adequate amounts of glucose so that they can send and receive the message.
hypoglycemia is the decrease of sugar in the blood, it also called low blood glucose which occurs when the level of glucose in your blood drops below normal.
transform to triglycerides → Obesity
Things that cause changes to BP