Beginnings Of The Cold War
Beginnings Of The Cold War
The Berlin blockade
The blockade lasted 11 months but the allied forces airlifted in supplies despite the risk
on thhe 24th of June 1948 Stalin ordered all road and canal lrouted between west Germany and Berlin to be closed
All food and electricity supply was blocked
Stalin hoped this would cause the allies to submit and leave Berlin for the USSR
The conflict was based around there conflicting ideologies
They both funded other nations and provided them with arms and intelligence to fight in a proxy war for them
USA vs USSR
The cold war
it is refered to as the cold war because the USA and USSR never directly came into combat
Everyone works for the state and earns the same, everyone is considered equal, all land owned by the state, no religion, one party with no opposition, censorship
People work for each other, the harder you work the more you earn, land can be privately owned, freedom of choice-religion, democracy, freedom of speech.
Communism vs. Capitalism
The truman doctrine was the name given to a policy created by U.S President Harry Truman on March 12, 1947. The truman doctrine was a speech which stated that the USA would intervene and support any countries that were threatened by another.
The Truman Doctrine
THE BIG 3
"we all love each other, we are best friends and everything is going to be okidokey"
"I will do everything to please and appease Stalin so that we may have peace"
"I dont trust either of them, especially Churchill who will backstab me for a free tea and kit kat at the canteen"
"Churchill and Roosevelt can't come to grips with how great the USSR really is"
"Roosevelt is too pro-Russian, I need France to help back me up as they hate Russia and communism too"
"Communism must be stamped out and eradicated before our democratic armies are beaten"
: Stalin wanted to cripple Germany completely to protect the USSR against future threats. Truman did not want to repeat the same mistakes of the Treaty of Versailles
: 20 million
Russians died in the war and the Soviet Union had been devastated. They also wanted compensation from Germany. Truman however was once again determined to not repeat the same mistakes of WW1
- Eastern Europe
: At the Yalta conference, Stalin won an agreement from the Allies
that he could set up pro soviet governments in eastern Europe. Stalin stated that if
the majority of eastern European citizens were united, no one would dare move a finger against him. Truman became unhappy with Russia's intentions
The Potsdam conference took place between July- August 1945.
The allied leaders meant in the Berlin suburb of Potsdam.
However in the five months since the Yalta conference,
a number of changes had taken place which would greatly affect the r
elationship between the leaders
At the potsdam conference, the Big 3 present were:
Henry Truman ( USA )
Clement Atlee ( Britain )
Joseph Stalin ( USSR )
Harry Truman introduced the Marshall Plan due to fear of communism. The marshall plan was implemented to help the economy of Europe. The main aim of the plan was to restore the confidence of European citizens and of Europe as a whole. It channelled over $13 billion to Europe between the years 1948 and 1951.
The separation of Germany