TRF - Case Study - Amazon in Brazil (Causes of deforestation (Agriculture…
TRF - Case Study - Amazon in Brazil
Causes of deforestation
slash and burn
Rate Of Deforestation
Increases from 1980
768,935 sqkm of forest lost since 1970
Peaked during 1995 and 2005
20% of forest lost
TNC's are getting involed to reep benefiets
Local people are clearing the forest for farming
Slash and burn technique used
People say that they have the right to take the benefits of a forests for themselves
TNC's use local framers to make a profit almost explotation
20% of species on earth will be lost if amazon is lost
17% amazon lost from 2005
336 species well have disappeared by 2030
Animals like the leopard have been put on the critical dangers list
Some types of macaws have gone extinct
tree roots hold the soil together and retain water in an ecosystem,
habitat can be destroyed by deforestation and the subsequent cycle of erosion set in motion.
no roots to hold the soil in place during heavy tropical rains, which then wash away the topsoil and the nutrients necessary to regenerate future vegetation.
In 2006, mounting political pressure and bad publicity associated with rainforest destruction pushed the two biggest buyers of Brazilian soybeans, Cargill and McDonalds, to freeze their purchases of soybeans sourced from recently cleared rainforest.
With the goal of reducing emissions from deforestation, the UN established the Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation Programme, or REDD+, at the 2007 climate summit in Bali.
Over half of the Brazilian Amazon is now designation as national parks or indigenous lands, effectively protecting an area larger than Greenland from intensive logging and agriculture.
The cattle industry followed suit in 2009, as packing plants and slaughterhouses in Brazil refused to source cattle from ranches within 10km of deforestation fronts.
the Brazilian Space Agency launched it’s DETER satellite in 2004. DETER monitors changes in forest cover in real time, producing a report of deforestation hotspots for law enforcement every two weeks.
Scale poses a huge hurdle for any government agency seeking to enforce wildlife law over a large area.
An incredible amount of political will was required to accomplish such changes, and the Brazilian people deserve the majority of the credit for creating a social movement.