History of explorers and the consequences (James Cook (Cook wanted to see…
History of explorers and the consequences
Cook wanted to see Venus to help him calculate the distance between the sun and the Earth. On his first expedition, Cook was also searching for a large continent in the South Pacific Ocean.
Marco Polo and his family travelled through Asia to bring a letter from the Pope, Christian scholars and oil from the lamp at the Holy Sepulchre to Kublai Khan.
Vasco da Gama
He was ordered by the king to find a way by sea to go east
He was inspired by Fridtjof Nansen's crossing of Greenland in 1888 and Franklin's lost expedition. He decided on intense exploration of wilderness places.
He wanted to be a missionary, but he couldn't get many people to believe Christian beliefs, so instead, he explored much of southern and eastern Africa.
He sailed off course on his way back to Greenland from Norway and landed on the North American continent. He spent the winter in north america and then sailed back to greenland.
Why did they explore?
What were the consequences?
North and South America
Some of the consequences were that Native Americans caught new diseases which included smallpox, influenza, measles, and chicken pox.
Missionaries converting Native Americans to christianity, specifically Catholicism was another effect. This was often done by force.
TheColumbian Exchange was another effect. This involved an exchange of plants, goods, ideas, and diseases from Europe to the Americas.
This exchange benefitted Europeans more than Native Americans because Europeans spread smallpox , a deadly disease, to Native Americans when they came into contact with them
Native Americans were also forced into slavery by the Spanish wen they colonized the Americas.
The Spanish established a system of social hierarchy, where pure Spanish people had all of the power and mixed races) or Native Americans had little
He wanted to find a way to get to asia going west