The British Industrial Revolution (Society (Smoke everywhere., Started in…
The British Industrial Revolution
Used machines powered by coal to get coal!
Used coal to make other useful machines.
Trains, Water extractors, Cotton mills
Most cotton came from India as fabric.
In Britain people made cotton using spinning wheels.
Before - expensive, took a long time to make, not many clothes
Cottage Industry- spun cotton threads, woven on loom to make cotton.
After - quick to make, better quality and more clothes
Thread was imported and spun in Britain.
Richard Arkwright - copied, invented, stole water frame.
Water turnrd s water wheel which powered the spinning wheels and looms. He used the steam engine later on.
Very poor when born, Very rich when he died over £200 million , he built himself a castle, 2/3 of his workers wee children and did not pay them much.
Before- mostly worked on farms, independent, healthy
After- mostly worked in factories, lived in towns
Long working hours from age 8
Maimed or killed by machinery.
Started in Britain then spread
Widespread protests and riots
Pushed on democracy, trade unions, schools and town planning
Why happen in Britain?
new political system
Legal rights for all
People owned their ideas