Week 14: Depression Era Art in the United States (Documentary…
Depression Era Art in the United States
Palacio De Bella Artes, Mexico City, Mexico.
Home of many notable mexican mural artists such as Diego Rivera, Jose Clemente Orzoco, Rufina Tamayo, Jorge Gonzalas Camerana.
Mural art was created to be art of the people, it could not be bought and had to appreciated by the entire community.
Mural art: Art for the people
Man at the Crossroads Diego Rivera (1933), painted in the Rockafellar center, later displeased the rockafellers as it he included communist figureheads. They asked him to remove them, and he refused, this mural was later destroyed.
Man Controller of the Universe 1934 the Second reiteration of the Man at the Crossroads redone in Mexico City at the Palacio De Bella Artes, Mexico City, Mexico. Had many capitalist critiques within this style of painting and at the time capitalism was blamed quite often for the shortcoming of society.
Jose Clemente Orozco (1883-1949)
Depicts Prometheus bringing fire (knowledge) to the world.
notably pessimistic with his view on the world.
Diego Rivera (1886-1957)
Migrant Mother by Dorethea Lange 1936
Has become a very much a part of american culture. Is one of the most famous depression era photographs.
Thought to be a "stable" composition within the art history analysis. The children create a focal point of the mother with their pose, their poses create a triangular focus point. She is not smiling, her face is tight and creates a feeling of questionable future.
Frances Thompson is the Migrant Mother, she is a Cherokee
Dorethea Lange (1895-1965)
Was one of the few times poverty was represented as european american. Was represented as "deserving" or "people hit by hard times". Humanized poverty for other european americans.
Wanted to use her photography as a tool to change things and to reveal social equities. Turned her focus to migrant farmworkers.
Manzaner, remote military style camps where japanese american citizens were forced to live by the United States government in 1942 due to World War II
Toya Miyatake, Japanese immigrant whom ran a successful photography studio in San Francisco. Became an iconic symbol of resistance as he smuggled a camera into the Manzaner camp. Intially took photographs on the sly.
Toya Miyatakes Lunchbox Camera
Ultimately was allowed to take photographs with relative ease
"Through These Portals, To New Horizons..." 1945
The gap of authority between the confinment of the fence and the young boys whom were oppressed under these powers that be.
Japanese people in America faced an extremely racist and hostile environment during this time