How did Hitler escape the box (Law (Nuremburg laws (15 November 1935 …
How did Hitler escape the box
27 Feb 1933
Reichstag building goes up in flames, Dutch ex-communist Marianus Van Der lobbe caught with matches and blamed. Hitler claims event is 'part of communist revolution'.
Göring was an ex-communist and had history of attempts to burn down other buildings (eg. welfare building); the Hitler did not burn the building down his self, but he knew it was going to happen and he allowed it to.
Hitler used in bis favour as communists were now seen as bad and many communist arrests and beating ups occured shorty after the incident.
Night of the long knifes
SS men broke into homes of Rohm and leading members of the SA and arrested them.
Hitler said he was defending Germany against Rohm- he said there was an SA plot to overthrow Hitler and replace army.
Actually reason was SA were seen as thugs and Hitler wanted to disconnect from them. Rohm was demanding a second revolution and Hitler wanted to ensure this would not happen.
Night of broken glass
7 November 1938
Young jew shot german official Ernst Von Rath.
9 November 1938
Goebbles announced if the public wanted 'revenge on the Jews' government wouldn't prevent them.
Huge attacks on Jews from SS and SA, hundreds of synagogues, homes and shops destroyed. Jews were later fined for the damages
Jews were banned from running shops or businesses. SS and SA started to round up Jews for punihmhment (concentration camps)
Reich office for immigration was set up, however business was slow riding Germany of Jews.
Jews were evicted from hime forced to move to gettos soon to be sent out of the country
Reichstag fire decree
28 Feb 1933
Hindenburg issues Reichstag fire decree (law for the protection of the state) using article 48:
suspends civil rights, gave secret police power to people indefinitely
24 March 1933
Needed a 2/3 majority to pass; Hitler use SA to intimidate Reichstag into accepting and scare the people of what might happen if they said no. Many communists arrested after Fire, all absent votes were counted as yes votes.
Gives Hitler the power to pass any law he wanted without conformation from the Reichstag or the president; the people were told it would last 4 years only.
Hitler wanted this because he hated democracy and the Reichstag and he needed a quick executive power
30 Jan 1933
Hitler appointed as chancellor; call an immediate election so Nazis would wi. Big rallies, SA intimidate people on the street
15 November 1935
Released at anual Nuremberg rallies
Beating up of jews were untidy, wanted Fer to look good fir Berlin olympics
Defined a jew as someone with 3 or four jewish grandparents.
Protection of German blood and honour
Forbade mariage and relation between a German and a jew
Reich citizen law
Jews could not be a reich citizen
1 May 1933
Turned into 'Day of National Labour'. All trade unions were seized and incorporated into DAF (German Labour Front). Trade unions banned.
Boycott of jewish shops
1 April 1933
SS and SA men painted yellow and black star of David on the windows of Jewish shops. Also smashed through windows and created anti- Semitic slogans
Wanted to make a clear separation between Jews and Germans