The Hundred Years war d46 (Joan of Arc (Many of the people in southern…
The Hundred Years war d46
The Hundred Years Was was fought between England and France
Lasted from 1337 to 1453
It was a series of war with long period of peace in between
How did it start?
Small disputes and battle had been going in between the France and the English for years
King Edward III of England claimed that he was the rightful king king of France
This began the long battle between the two countries
Other disputes kept the fighting going for over one hundred years
Disputes over certain areas of land
Support for Scotland by the French
King Edward III believed that he was the rightful heir to the Fresh crown through his mother Isabella
He first claim to the throne when he was 15 years old and King Charles IV of France died with our a male heir
Instead of Edward, the Fresh chose Philip to be their king
When King Philip IX of France took control of Aquitaine from the English in 1337, King Edward III Decided to fight back
He decided to invade France and resort his right to the French throne
Edward did not attempt to conquer and control the land of the French
Instead he led raids into the land called Chevauchèes
He would strike deep into the land of the French
Interesting Facts about the Hundred Years War
The war stopped for a long period during the Black Death of the Bubonic plague.
Historians often split the war into three main periods: the Edwardian War (1337-1360), the Caroline War (1369-1389), and the Lancastrian War (1415-1453).
The war had a lot to do with transforming France from a number of feudal lands to a national state.
It didn't last exactly 100 years, but 116 years. That means a lot of people lived their entire lives while the war was going on.
The English longbow played a large part in their victories. It could fire faster and farther than the French crossbow.
Joan of Arc
Many of the people in southern France did not accept English rule. In 1428 the English began to invade southern France
They began a siege of the city of Orleans
However, a young peasant girl by the name of Joan of Arc took leadership of the French army
She claimed to have seen a vision from God
She led the French to a victory at Orleans in 1429
She led the French to several more victories before she was captured by the English and burned at the stake