1 History and Fundenmentals (Historical Approach (Scientific: Taylor…
1 History and Fundenmentals
What is management
input & output
"father of scientific management."
giving employees rest breaks
instrumental view of human behaviors
closely controls and monitors
Time and motion study
Define and document the standard method
Time and monitor workers’ behaviors
Evaluate workers’ pace in relative to the standard time.
a goal of maximizing their productivity
irrespective of the physiological costs to workers.
define the “one best way” for doing each job
Henry Ford and Assembly line
Exercising control with knowledge
7 elements of bureaucracies
Division of labour
Formal rules and regulations
an ideal type of organization he called a bureaucracy
Human Relations: Hawthorne Studies
productivity was strongly affected by workers’ attitudes and social relationships
lighting intensity was not directly related to group productivity
money is less a factor in determining output than group standards, group attitudes, and security.
most output / least inputs
Doing things right
low resource waste
process >> purpose
Doing the right thing
high goal attainment
4 functions of management
determining what needs to be done, how it will be done, and who is to do it.
motivating, leading and other actions that involved in dealing with people.
monitoring activities to ensure that they are accomplished as planned.
defining goals, establishing strategy, and developing plans to coordinate activities.