Renaissance Artists and Thinkers ( Mona Lisa, Leonardo Da Vinci (1452…
Renaissance Artists and Thinkers
Leonardo Da Vinci (1452 – 1519)
Renaissance painter, scientist, inventor, and polymath.He is known for the Mona Lisa painting.
Michelangelo (1475 – 1564)
Renaissance sculptor, painter and architect.His greatest works include the statue of David and his painting of the Sistine Chapel.
Painting of the Sistine Chapel
Raphael (1483 – 1520)
Italian painter. Raphael was asked by Pope Julius II to work on rooms in the Vatican at the same time as Michelangelo worked on the Sistine Chapel.
Raphael was asked by Pope Julius II to work on rooms in the Vatican.
Italian painter. Titian was a member of the 16th Century Venetian school. Experimented with new forms of art, such as subtle variations in color.
Portrait of Pope Paul III
Italian painter and sculptor. Major works include David, Virgin and Child with Four Angels, St Mark and The Feast of Herod.
St. Mark and the Feast of Herod
Nicholas Copernicus (1473- 1543)
Renaissance mathematician and astronomer who formulated a heliocentric view of the universe. His teaching that the earth revolved around the sun placed him in opposition to the established teachings of the church.
Paracelsus (1493 – 1541)
Swiss-German physician and leading health reformer. Paracelsus founded the discipline of toxicology and pioneered the use of chemicals in treating patients. He rebelled against the medical orthodoxy of the medieval ages, emphasising practical experience rather than ancient scriptures. Paracelsus helped transform health care.
Francis Bacon (1561 – 1626)
English philosopher, statesman and scientist. Bacon is considered the father of empiricism for his work and advocacy of scientific method and methodical scientific inquiry in investigating scientific phenomena.
Galileo (1564 – 1642)
Creating one of the first modern telescopes, Galileo revolutionised our understanding of the world supporting the work of Copernicus. His work Two New Sciences laid the groundwork for the science of Kinetics and strength of materials.
Johannes Kepler (1571-1630)
German scientist who played a key role in the 17th Century scientific revolution. He created the laws of planetary motion, which influenced Sir Isaac Newton’s theory of gravitation.
Filippo Brunelleschi (1337-1446)
Florentine architect and engineer; the first to carry out a series of optical experiments that led to a mathematical theory of perspective. Brunelleschi devised the method of perspective for architectural purposes, but once the method of perspective was published in 1435 (by Alberti), it would have a dramatic impact on the depiction of 3-dimensional space in the arts.
Catholic theologian who has also been called the ‘Prince of the Humanists’. He was willing to raise questions about the teachings of the church and not to rely on blind dogma. He was an early advocate of religious tolerance and advocated a middle path between the Catholic and Protestant movements.
Martin Luther (1483-1546)
Leader of the Protestant Reformation. Martin Luther wrote 95 theses attacking the church, such as criticising the belief sin could be mitigated by paying money to the church. Martin Luther was ex-communicated from the Catholic church and was a key figure in the new Protestant religion.
Masacchio: (Tommaso Guidi) (1401-1428):
Was obsessed with “things of art, and indifferent to money, clothes, or even food. He was a master at perspective and psychological portrayal. Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, and Raphael all studied his work. His work contains much attention to backgrounds, landscapes.
Adoration of the Magi