Evolution of Educational Thinking (Education Former (Specific…
Evolution of Educational
The Roman Education
In the beginning the Roman education was dominated by the family.
The educational Quintiliano plan comprises three parts
The first level of education includes reading, writing, arithmetic and Latin grammar
The second instruction grade comprises oratory, literature, geometry, astronomy, music and philosophy.
the studies program comprises logic, history, literary, dialectical criticism and, especially, oratory.
The origin of the Public School
The Bible and the Talmud are the basic sources of the education between the ancient Jews.
The education systems the most ancient acquaintances had two common characteristics; they were teaching religion and were maintaining the traditions of the people.
The Greek Pedagogic Thought
In Athens, the ideal pedagogical suffered the influence of the social structure.
The Athenian children were educated at home until they were six years, age which they were joining to the school
The Ideals of Jesus.
Jesus's influence on the pedagogic Occident history is enormous.
The education can progress of two ways.
The first one is by means of the science and the analytical knowledge
The second one is by means of the knowledge of the heart.
That the Participant knows and analyzes the education processes in the Roman antiquity.
That the Participant knows and analyzes the processes of education realized by Jesus.
That the participant to know and analyze the processes of education in Greek antiquity.
That the participant to know and analyze the origin of the public school.
The Renaissance and the Modern Age
Importance of the new Science
From the intellectual point of view, the modern civilization has turned out to be hard determined by the development of the science.
The dominant note of his thought is his belief in the infinite. There is not a single world, but an infinite number of worlds, which are all unlimited; the space itself is infinite.
John Comenius, education reformer
Across the centuries, Juan Comenio (1592-1670) deserves a high place put between the reformers of the education.
Comenio was proposing four types of educational institutions.
Academy and Travel
Comenio was essentially an optimist.
While most of the theologians of its epoch were emphasizing the nastiness and perversity of the man, Comenio was emphasizing its nobility.
The Education and the Reform (of Lutero)
The Reform coincided with the beginning of a new age. The feudalism had been replaced by the progress of a capitalist economy; to the absolute mastery of the aristocracy a more and more powerful middle class was happening.
For Luther, education was based on the statement that the child received in the home
Panorama of the Oriental Ideas
The obedience to God and to the secular authorities is placed like keystone of the life.
The oriental thought has favored often regressive social tendencies.
That the Participant understands the importance that had the New Science during the Renaissance.
That the participant to analyze the work of Juan Comenius as an educational reformer.
That the Participant knows and analyzes the Reform of Lutero as modality of the education in the Renaissance.
That the Participant understands the educational panorama of the oriental ideas.
The Middle Age and the Renaissance
The weak point of the medieval education was its absence of interest in the experimental sciences.
In spite of everything, the medieval education, as Saint Thomas of Aquino was conceiving it, it has served as base to the modern civilization.
The Pedagogic Ideals of the Renaissance
The Renaissance represents a new stage in the human culture.
Its rupture with the Middle Age was gradual, but it resulted in a new vision of the world
While the Middle Age had advocated the mortification of the body, the students of the Renaissance were affirming energetically that it had to enjoy entirely the life.
Scholasticism and Universities
To appreciate the achievements of the scholasticism in the XIIIth century, it is necessary to comprise the intellectual currents that caused it. The medieval civilization was coming to its climax.
The XIIth and XIIIth centuries saw the birth of the universities. The medieval universities were organized like corporations, and were worrying more of the erudition than of the buildings.
Humanistic educational evaluation
The advantage of the new system was residing in its enthusiasm for the outstanding figures. the classic ideal was representing a form of life based on the moderation and the use of this world. It was glorifying the wisdom ideals and was considering the student to be the leader of the civilization.
That the Participant realizes an appreciation on the education in the Middle Age.
That Taking part analyzes the pedagogic ideals of the Renaissance.
That the Participant knows and analyzes the scholastic education processes and university students of the Middle Age
That the Participant analyzes the evolution of the humanistic education.
The Current Education
Not even the school can teach the whole current knowledge in five daily hours, not even the pupil learns only in the school.
some beginning psicopedagógicos and didactic that throughout the XXth century, have been postulated in order to improve the work of the today schools
These principles are:
An integral education
Valuing The learning process
The Plural and Just School
One of the defenders of the cognitive learning theories is D. Ausubel, psychologist who has tried to tell how the individuals learn from the verbal, both spoken and written material.
That the Participant analyzes the lineaments of significant learning
That the Participant analyzes the lineaments of the constructivism.
That the Participant analyzes the lineaments of the operative pedagogics.
That the Participant analyzes the educational adaptations to the social reality
The most important knowledge is the knowledge of one himself, it seems to take way of turning into one of the domineering worries of the school education at present.
the constructivism demands that the student should construct his own learning
Adaptations to the Social Reality
The configuration of the education like social construction does that a complex problems is generated,
That is aggravated
because they all, professionals and laymen, can have an opinion on as debit to work the school, as it would be necessary to treat to the pupils, to the professorship, and even how and that it would be necessary to teach.