Ho Chi Minh, leader of the Viet Minh, a Vietnamese nationalist party with communist leadership, began small guerrilla warfare against French and Japanese rule.
In late 1943, members of the Viet Minh, led by General Vo Nguyen Giap, began to infiltrate Vietnam to launch guerrilla operations against the Japanese, who occupied the country during World War II. The Viet Minh forces liberated considerable portions of northern Vietnam, and after the Japanese surrender to the Allies, Viet Minh units seized control of Hanoi and proclaimed the independent Democratic Republic of Vietnam.
On September 2, 1945 he and his troops entered Hanoi and declared their independence. (Samuel Ospina)