The importance of communication in the learning process There have been, in the current teaching scenario, a series of changes in a large part of the elements that intervene in the learning process (such as the planning of the subjects, the teaching methodology or the evaluation itself). And, at the same time, such changes have also had an impact on the relationships between students and teachers, given the different role that each of them plays. In fact, although teachers must continue to ensure the correct transmission of knowledge, they must also make it possible to acquire competences, either by exercising guiding, helping, stimulating and stimulating the study or by offering more personalized attention. . In this sense, as Perrenoud (1997) points out, it should not be forgotten that competences, which are the new role in university education, consist of "the ability to act effectively in a type of situation", although, Although this capacity is based on a type of knowledge, "it is not limited to them".