UNIT 1; INTRODUCTION OF COGNITIVE SCIENCE (Cognitive processes (problem…
UNIT 1; INTRODUCTION OF COGNITIVE SCIENCE
produce useful models of reality
body of language
acquire knowledge through the exercise f mental powers
all processes by which sensory input
process of acquiring, processing and applying knowledge
scientific interdisciplinary study of mind
building devices that attempt to mimic complex thought processes.
the oldest of all disciplines in CS
address the issues
nature of knowing
Study of relation between human culture and human thoughts
need to view the operations of mind in particular physical and social environments
Learning Sciences Approach
Application of findings in CS in education (training)
how people make decision
attitude and motovation
creativity and innovation
people thinking and actions
The beginnings:province of Philosophy
Development Experimental Psychology
modified as a results (reward and punishment)
Capacity of human thinking limited
Growth of Artificial intelligence
development in linguistics
Study of Human cognition
Accounting for differences
Franz Joseph Gall-Questioning
observed and claimed connection between to memorize
functioning of human brain
initially believed that intelligence can be assessed by size of skull
the language function was compromised through injury/stroke
left frontal lobe contribute to patients language loss
speak with the left hemisphere.
Insights on perception-initial beliefs
insights on illusions
Insights of Attention
insights on mental representations and psychology of language
Insights of human memory
Insights of children intelligence
Psychometrics for the workplace
Measuring differences in human intelligence
Sensory Discrimination-set out to measure diversity of mental abilities objectively,
Psychometrics- argued that measuring sensory discrimination would NOT lead to insights into general mental capacity.
The first inelligence tests-ensure that education could be directed appropriately to children of different ability levels.
Recent Approaches to study intelligence
the purpose adaptation to selection of, and shaping of real world
goal-directed adaptive behavior
practical intelligence-common sense
have various aspects
linguistic intelligence-strong in the language
musical intelligence-strong in musical like the sound
Logical-mathematical intelligence-strong and enjoy exploring how things are related.
spatial intelligence-remember things visually,including exact sizes and shapes of objects
Bodily-kinesthetic intelligence-strong in body movement
Intrapersonal intelligence-with detailed and accurate self-knowledge
Interpersonal intelligence-strong in social intelligence like to develop ideas and learn from other people.
Naturalist intelligence-Human ability to recognize plants, animals and other parts of natural environment such as clouds/rocks.
The case of Phineas Gage
Brain damage affecting inter and intrapersonal knowledge
Personality underwent radical change.