Martin Luther King Jr. 1929-1968
Martin Luther King Jr.
Born in Atlanta, USA
Was baptized 'Michael', but his father later changed his name as well as his own to Martin Luther in honour of the Protestant reformist.
Well educated; he studied law, medicine and theology and earned a doctorate in systematic theology
Suffered from depression, and attempted suicide at the age of 12
His father beat him
Baptist minister and social activist, fighting for racial equality
Was the leader and official spokesmen for the Montgomery Bus Boycott 1955
Inspired by Gandhi and non-violent protest
In 1957, SCLC (Southern Christian Leadership Conferencre) was founded. The aim was to fight for justice through non-violent actions.
March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, 1963
Shed light on the injustices
"I Have a Dream" - speech
U.S federal holiday in honor of King Jr.
Third Monday of January
Nobel Peaze Prize 1964
His family home was bombed by white supremacists
1965, Selma to Montgomery March
1968, assassinated while on a balcony of a hotel in Memphis
Played a key role in the Civil Rights Movement