Box scale (number rating)
Verbal rating scale
Psychometric measures & visual rating scales
McGill Pain Questionnaire (MPQ) (pg. 159)
20 sub classes of descriptive words from which patient has to choose a maximum of one/ class. Further down the list, more points allocated to calculate overall pain rating index.
Description of the pattern of pain from 3 sub-classes of words & then produce some qualitative data about what things relieve/ increase the pain.
A diagram of a body is presented to the patient, to use to mark where the pain is located around the body.
Asking patient to rate the strength of pain via 6 questions. Scores are added up to create a present pain intensity score.
Visual rating scale
No pain [-----------------------------] worst pain possible
Measure (with ruler) the distance along the scale to get a numerical measure of how intense the pain is.
Behavioral & observational scale
University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) Pain Behavior Scale
Assess degree of pain via observing behaviors to see the degree in which the pain has affected the patient's behavior.
Structured clinical sessions
Can be tailored to the pain condition of the patient. Patient is asked to performed a series of tasks linked to their pain. All these are recorded for observation & watched by trained observer to score the pain.
Pain measure in children
Have to be easy to understand.
Pediatric Pain Questionnaire
Children describe pain in their own words, may use as many adjectives as possible to help.
Use of visual analogue scale with faces as bi-polar ends, & a person to show where the pain is.