Viewpoints of Cognitivism (Which Factors Influence Learning (Mental…
Viewpoints of Cognitivism
Which Factors Influence Learning
Through practice with corrective feedback
Mental activities of the learner
the processes of mental planning
The way that the learners attend to, code, transform rehearse, store and retrieve information.
Learners' thoughts, beliefs, attitudes, and values are also will influence the learning process.
focus on to change the learner by encourage them to use appropriate learning strategies
Target to make knowledge more meaningful and help learners organize and relate new information to the existing knwoledge in memory.
How Does Transfer Occur?
According to cognitive theory, if a learner knows how to implement knowledge in different contexts and conditions then we can say that transfer has occurred. (Schunk, 1991)
What Types of Learning Are Best Explained by this position? (Cognitivism)
Good to explain complex forms of learning such as reasoning, problem-solving, information-processing)
How Does Learning Occur?
By instructor or by the instructional software
Stress the acquisition of knowledge and internal mental structures which emphasis on mental structures.
Learning will be occured when there is
changes in knowledge
RATHER than changes in response.
in Cognitivism, learning is
more concerned about what the learners know and how they come to acquire it
, THAN concerned about what
the learners do
Role of Memory
Memory act as a computer to
store information in an organized, meaningful manner which will result in learning
Teachers/ designers are responsible to assist learners in organizing information in several optimal ways
Teachers/ designers use
such as advance organizers, hierarchical relationships and matrices
to help learners relate new information to their prior knowledge