Impacts of American Market Revolution (Social Movements (William Lloyd…
Impacts of American Market Revolution
Philosophical movement that developed in the late 1820s and 1830s in the eastern United States as a reaction to the state of intellectualism and spirituality at the time.
Promoted individualism, self-reliance, and freedom from social constraints, and emphasized emotions.
Individuals who belong the Christian belief and believe that Baptism should only be preformed on the believers of faith.
Baptists mainly consisted of lower-middle class rurals, and the faith gave them a uniting belief to form a collective identity.
Second Great Awakening
Across the country people attended revival meetings and joining churches in record number during the 1820 and 1830s, started by a reaction to liberal religious thought such as Diesm and Unitarianism.
Impacted social and political ideologies post-declaration.
William Lloyd Garrison’s Liberator
The Liberator was a weekly newspaper published by William Lloyd Garrison in Boston, Massachusetts, arguing the immediate emancipation of all slaves
Led to the abolishment-istic school of thought which supported the abolishment of slavery. The book 'The Liberator' itself spoke to the moral outrage of slavery and mustered abolishment of slavery support.
Declaration of Sentiments
Document signed by the majority of the people present at the Seneca Falls Convention; based upon the US Declaration of Independence.
"Grand basis for attaining the civil, social, political, and religious rights of women."
Cult of domesticity
The belief that as the fairer sex, women occupied a unique and specific position and that they were to provide religious and moral instruction in the homes but avoid the rough world of politics and business in the larger sphere of society. Popular in the Mid-19th Century, caused women's rights movements.
Married women held immense power by being able to control the morals of a household with these new belief systems.
Know Nothing Party
Party that felt that too many foreigners were living in America, also known as the American Party. Named this way b/c when someone asked them about their party, they were supposed to reply "I know nothing"
Led to increase in 'nativism'-centered thoughts, which was policy of favouring native-born individuals over foreign-born ones.
A church founded by Joseph Smith in 1830 with headquarters in Utah. Bringham Young was an influence on the development of the religious sect.
Created own religious community that defied social norms and caused grievances with the American Government.
Device that cuts grain, which was invented in 1837 by Cyrus McCormick
The mechanical reaper vastly increased the productivity of the typical American grain farmer, which helped the American agricultural industry grow.
A canal running from Albany, NY to Buffalo, NY completed in 1825.
The canal allowed western farmers to ship surplus crops to sell in the North and allowed northern manufacturers to ship finished goods to sell in the West.
Railroads were constructed to link different cities.
The railroads played a large part in the creation of a national market, and spurred the formation of the first 'bug businesses' (railroad companies).
The National Road
The national road was the first highway built with entirely federal funds. Congress authorized the road in 1806 during the Jefferson Administration.
This was the first road open to all people, which opened up many new trade routes and ways to get to other states. It was very helpful in creating a national economy.
Refers to the many mills that operated in the city of Lowell, Massachusetts during the 19th and 20th centuries.
The Lowell Mills had a substantial female workforce,
Samuel Slater’s Factory Model
He memorized the way that the British made machines and he brought the idea to America. He made the first cotton spinning machine from copying the secretive British patents.
Huge industrial impact. He is known as "the Father of the Factory System" and he started the idea of child labor in American factories. Increased labor problem by only benefitted employers, not workers, forbid unions, etc.