Unit 3: Western Expansion
Unit 3: Western Expansion
Kansas- Nebraska Act 1854
Indian Removal Act
Fugitive Slavery Act
Treaty of Guadalupe Indigo
Westward expansion through Agrarian American(Relating to cultivated, agriculture).
it was american destiny
Values of American people
Trail of tears
Indian Removal Act 1830
Leads to war.
Directly leads to the Trail of Tears.
Forever divide Native Americans ans United States.
Indian Wars 1864-1890
Red River War
Little Big Horn/Montana
General Philip Sheridan said to destroy villages & ponies, kill and hang all warriors and bring back all women & children.
Battle of the Little Big Horn
Little Big Horn/Montana, Sioux Cheyenne
Pitted federal troops red by Antillean colonel forgone Armstrong Custer against a band of Lakota Sioux & Cheyenne warriors.
San Creek Massacre
Colorado, Cheyenne Arapaho
Cheyenne thought they be protected by us but colonel John chignton said that indians suffer more. over 150 inhabitants died.
December 28, 1810
South Dakota, Sioux
Solders demanded Native Americans give up their weapons & Rounded up 350 starving & freezing Sioux.
Angry about the Annexation of Texas, Mexico would attack American Troops along the Rio Grande.
American troop were sent there by President Polk.
Mexican President Santa Anna tells President Polk he will end the war peacefully.
Santa Anna loses badly and the Americans Army continues south, taking Mexico city in 1847.
Santa Anna instead attacks the American Army.
Treaty Of Guadalupe-Hidalgo 1848
Mexico give New Mexico and California to America
America agrees to pay $15 million for the land
Officialy ends the Mexican- American war
Mexico agrees to the Rio-Grande as border with texas
Gadsden Purchase 1853
United States pay Mexico $10 million for all territory along the Gila River.
United States wants his land for railroads
Chief Sitting Bull
Leader, Warrior, Medicine man.
Killed by Native Americans Police in 19890.
Gen. George Custer
Civil War Hero.
Most Famous for the Battle of Big Horn.
All 700 men, including Custer and his two younger brothers were killed.
Led 700 men against 5,000 + Lakota
Fought against the United States.
Most famous Native Americans
Kill wile surrounding the U.S troops.
3.Slavery in the United States
Early was an Agrarian Society. (dependent on slaves)
New technology changed America (railroads, steel Mills, Oil ect... Mostly developed in the North.
North Vs South
Northern states are growing rapidly (steel, infrastructure, railroads.
Southern states remained agrarian and dependent on slaves. (catton, tobacco, wheat. Little to no industry)
Missouri Compromise: 1920
Draws a line through Louisiana Territory. No slavery North of 36-30 latitude.
Missouri added as a slave state. Maine added as a free state.
Agreement passed by congress that keep the balance of slaves states and free states.
Who should Decide
South believe in popular sovereignty (states rights).
North believe that the Federal Government should decide.
: Idea that the states should determine legality of slavery.
3. Social Reforms
: Mostly children ages 13-16.*
Made 27 cent an hour
In 1899 wioman made an average of $267 a year
Average man made $500
CEO of US steel
Made $23 million in 1899 with no income tax
Provide better pay
Congress passed the 8 hour work day in 1868
Provide better working conditions
IWW: Industrial workers of the World
Brought to american by the British in the 16th century. It remained an American institution after the Revolutionary war.
system of trading that brought slaves to the American colonies in exchange for goods.
*sugar, tabaco, catton (harested by the slaves)
Clotthes, Rum, and Manufactured Goods from Europe(goods made from: sugar, catton, and tabaco,
How Many Slaves
12.5 Million Slaves were brought to the Americans.
10.5 Million survived the trip also known as "The Middle Passage" meaning 2 million slaves did not survive the trip.
Only 400,000 thousands were send to the American Colonies.