Muhammad the prophet
Most Arabs were Muslims
Marks the beggining of the Islamic calendar
Muhammad fled to Medina this event---
He was persecutes because his ideas
appeared announced that he was a
new prophet by Allah
Muhammad went to meditate in a cave
- Mount Hira
He took Muhammad married and has 7 childrens.
Trading journeys: contact with CRISTIANS and JEWS.
Was born in 570
His parents died when he was young. He was raised by his uncle( rich)
The expansion of Islam
The caliph was the highest authority.
The first caliphs were direct desendents of Muhammad.
At first the Muslims controlled the entre Arabian Peninsula.
There were 4 periods
The capital of the empire was Damaskus (Syria)
Umayad period: The umayyad took poker
They conquered many territories
The capital was Baghdad (Irak)
The Abbasid family took power.
The Turks contolled all the Islamic world.
The Muslims introduced Asian inventions
There were internal fighngs.
What is the islam?
Teachings of Muhammad were collected in the
Defines religions obligations
Dictates CODES OF BEHAVIOUR.
Allows polly gamy.
PROHIBITS: eating pork and gambling, not drinking alchol, not dressing ummodesly.
Defines the authority of fathers
Who die fighting in a holy war given entry to the paradise.
Imamas are Islamic leaders- lead worship.
Ulamas- scholars interpret the
The arabian Peninsula
Predominali a desert
lives in traveling groups
Used camels to transport goods to the Mediterranean