Function of Nonverbal Communication
Emblems: describe deliberate nonverbal behaviors that have precise meaning
Illustrators: nonverbal behaviors that accompany and support spoken words
Types of Nonverbal Communication
Posture and Gesture
kinesics: study of body movement, gesture, and posture.
Faces and Eyes (play an important part)
Paralanguage: use for describing nonverbal language
Ex: I shift the emphasis of the word to change the meaning of the sentence.
Intimate distance: being with skin contact and ranch about 18 in.
Personal distance: 18 in. to 4 ft.
Social distance: 4 to 12 ft.
Public distance 12 ft and further
Chronemics: how human being uses and structure time.
Characteristic of Nonverbal Communication
"Message express through nonlinguistic means"
Nonverbal has communicative value
Ex: I tend to wander my eyes around when listening to a boring topic.
Nonverbal Communication is Primarily Relational
Ex: a police officer uses gestures to direct the flow of traffic.
Nonverbal Communication is Ambiguous
Nonverbal is Different than Verbal
Nonverbal Skills are Important
Building Competence in Nonverbal Communication
Tune Out Words
Use Perception Checking
Pay Attention to Your Own Nonverbal Behavior
ex: I usually express unwanted nonverbal sign, which cause harm in my relationships.
Influences on Nonverbal Communication
Ex: some hand gestures in my country are different from U.S
ex: women smile more, use more facial expression,...