Unit 3: Westward Expansion (Slaves (12.5 million slaves were brought to…
Unit 3: Westward Expansion
Manifest Destiny was the value of Americans
Indian Removal Act was passed, which kicked lots of Native out of their tribes and pushed further west.
This forever divided the Native Americans and the US, lead to war, and directly leads to the Trails of Tears
12.5 million slaves were brought to the America's.
10.5 million survived journey's (The Middle Passage)
Only 400,000 were sent to American Colonies
Early America was an Agrarian Society which meant they dependent on slaves.
New tech changed America, mostly in the North
Balance laws were passed by Congress before a line was drawn through Louisiana Territory. No slavery North of 36-30 Latitude.
Mexican American War
Texas declared Independence from Mexico in 1836
Texas and the US agreed to make Texas the 28th state in 1845 with one condition, slavery was to be allowed.
Angry about the Annexation, Mexico attacked American troops along the Rio Grande.
Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo 1848 was passed, officially ending the war.
AZ, CA, and NM was given to America.
America gives 15 million dollars to Mexico
Gadsden Purchased happened in 1853
ManiFest Destiny: 19th century belief that the US would inevitable expand westward to the the Pacific Ocean and into Mexico territory.
Missouri Compromise: a series of agreements passed by congress in 1820-1821 to maintain the balance between slave states and free states.
Indian Removal Act 1830: a law that forced Native American peoples east of the Mississippi to move to lands in the west.
Bleeding Kansas: applied for the Kansas Territory in the bears before the Civil War, when it was battleground between pro and none slavery.
Kansas-Nebraska Act 1854: a law that established the territories of Kansas and Nebraska and gave their residents the right to abolish slavery.
Fugitive Slave Act: a law placed in 1850, designed to ensure that escaped slaves would return into bondage.
Popular Sovereignty: a system in which the residents vote to decide an issue.
Treaty of Guadalupe - Hidalgo: the 1848 treaty that ended the US vs. Mex war and gave the US some Mexican land.
Mostly children ages 13-16.
Made 27 cents an hour.
In 1899 woman made an average of $267 a year.
Average man made $500
Provided better working conditions
Congress passed the 8 hour work day in 1868